What are the jobs most affected by AI chatbots?

Big companies like Microsoft and Google point to artificial intelligence (AI) chatbots as a co-pilot or assistant for users in general, but there are many. experts who point out that this type of technology will change many professions, either by making their jobs simpler and fasterreplacing employees or creating new professions.

Telemarketing, accountants, translators, teachers, programmers and even investors are some of the professions which studies have indicated will change as AI becomes more popular.

The capabilities of GPT-4, the latest version of OpenAI -creators of ChatGPT-, can solve "new and difficult tasks" with a "human performance level” in fields such as mathematics, coding, medicine, law, and psychologyaccording to a paper published in March by researchers at Microsoft – a company that has invested billions in OpenAI.

The professions most affected by language modelers

New York University professor Robert Seamans participated in a study on how language shapers like ChatGPT, GPT-4, Bing, and Bard will affect professions.

"Telemarketing was the occupation that we found to be most exposed to changes in language modeling or advances in language modeling, followed by other professions such as teaching"tells EFE Seamans.

The five professions that crown the list are telemarketers, university professors of English language and literature, university professors of foreign languages, university professors of history and university professors of law.

Other unions not related to education that were among the twenty most affected positions were sociology, political science, mediators and judges.

However, Seamans indicates that this does not mean that these jobs will be replaced by AI, but what can happen is that it is "complementary to the work that is being carried out".

Another study published last week, which also looked at the "impact on the labor market of language models"indicates that clerks are among the professionals whose careers are most exposed to the capabilities of generative artificial intelligence, as at least half of accounting tasks could be completed much faster with this technology.

The same goes for mathematicians, interpreters, writers, and almost 20% of the US workforce.according to the study conducted by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania and OpenAI.

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faster computing

Seamans notes that the generative AI tool he’d like to investigate for its effect on various jobs is the Microsoft-owned GitHub Copilot app.

"What GitHub Co-Pilot does is help software developers by suggesting ideas to them as they write the code, it suggests commands and code that the developer might want to follow. Something similar to what Gmail does in emails"Explain.

According to Seamans, this allows computer scientists to do their work more quickly and can even help those who are studying this profession.

A fourth study by GitHub researchers evaluated the impact of generative AI on software developers.

In this test developers who were given an entry-level task and encouraged to use the Copilot program, they completed their task 55% faster than those who did it manually.

While AI will likely be a long way from managing the stock market of investor money on its own, a study called “Can ChatGPT improve the investment decision from a portfolio management perspective?” points out that ChatGPT is already a better portfolio manager than an inexperienced person.

The other side of the coin

On the other hand, in 2022 there were nearly 800,000 AI-related job postings in the United States, according to data compiled by the Institute for Centered Artificial Intelligence at Stanford University.

California was the state with the most AI-related hires – more than 142,000 in 2022– and, on average, 1.5% of job postings in any of the 50 states were AI related.

Asked what profession you would recommend to a teenagerSeamans said that he would first advise her to find a career based on her tastes and passions.

"All that aside, I would tell you to think about the abilities that we humans have and think about investing in that. Things like judgment and critical thinking. Those are skills that go into many different types of professions."he concludes.

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