Water is a challenge for social and economic development in the border area.

Access to water constitutes a challenge to achieve social and economic development in the border area, as specified by the Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development in the publication Monitor de la Frontera of December 2021.

The monthly publication, prepared by the Border Zone Development Policies Directorate, specifies that this issue has been present in each of the territorial dialogues carried out in the seven border provinces, which shows its relevance to economic and social agents.

Point out that It is a priority to reduce the access gap to this resource, considering that in the territory six out of 10 households do not have liquid inside the house.

The most vulnerable prey
In the December version of the Border Monitor The status of the most vulnerable dams in the border area was presented, estimating the sedimentation levels for a period of 10 years (2009 vs. 2020) and the accumulation of deforestation in the last 20 years.

It highlights that in the period studied, the Chacuey dam and the Maguaca river sub-basin, both in Dajabón and Monte Cristi, lost 31% and 9% of its surface respectively, which means a considerable reduction in water storage capacity.

Similarly, it points out that the results were negative when analyzing deforestation, with more than 18% of the soils with a slope greater than twenty degrees – susceptible to erosion – deforested in both resources.

“The exploratory analysis carried out allows us to present some initiatives with the aim of mitigating the damage to the dams as a consequence of the management received and activities of intensive use of the soils”, specifies the Border Monitor.

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In the first place, the implementation of programs such as payments for environmental services is proposed. It maintains that this initiative contemplates a financial compensation in favor of a person in charge of achieving flexible and adaptable environmental management to different conditions.

It also maintains that the objective is aimed at achieving land use that guarantees the maintenance or provision of one or more of the environmental services.

“This type of project is ideal for the border area, since it represents a balance between the operation of the productive sectors and environmental sustainability,” the publication adds.

It recommends, secondly, to cooperate in the agricultural sector involved, which would allow, in addition to providing economic facilities, empower the community on the correct use of natural resources and promote activities for the reforestation of lost areas.

In this sense, he points out that Through a cooperative, the achievement of land use standards can be guaranteedAccess to credit and product sales could even be conditioned according to the parameters created.

Regarding the management of dams, it considers that systematic and continuous monitoring of the particular condition of each basin and its corresponding storage infrastructure (dam or reservoir) is pertinent, allowing timely decision-making on their maintenance.

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