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UNSC membership: Everyone agrees on the reform of the United Nations Security Council, yet why is the decision not being taken?

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UNSC Membership - India TV Hindi News

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UNSC membership

Highlights

  • India, Japan and Germany are the main contenders for permanent membership
  • Permanent members are unable to take any decision on expansion
  • UN Security Council could not be reformed even after 80 years

UNSC membership: Although almost all countries agree on the reform of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), but the question remains why no decision is being taken on it yet. Nearly eight decades have passed since the establishment of the United Nations. Almost all major countries agree that the UN Security Council needs to be expanded and made more inclusive. The biggest question is, how will the powerful Security Council expand? Why UNAC members are not moving forward for this

The five countries that emerged as major powers at the end of World War II are dominated by the United Nations and its most important body, the Security Council. For nearly four decades, there has been a demand from many countries that they should also be included in the Security Council and it should reflect the changed world of the 21st century. Despite this, the council continues to exist in its present form. The council has been unable to do anything about Russia’s attack on Ukraine, as world leaders underlined at the UN General Assembly this month. Due to national interests and regional rivalry, the 193 member states of the United Nations did not allow the expansion of the Security Council, which has an obligation to ensure international peace and security. When the United Nations was established after World War II, the initial words of its charter were, “To protect future generations from the brunt of war.

No improvement even after 80 years

Those who advocated the reform have said that the council should be reformed to include more members. But there is disagreement about the size and composition of powers when the council is reconstituted. Because of this, generations of UN diplomats have been asking the question whether the Council will ever be able to change. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said in 2020, “The nations that came to the top more than seven decades ago have refused to consider the reforms needed to transform power relations in international institutions.” He had said, “Inequality begins in top-notch global institutions. They should be reformed to remove inequality. But it hasn’t happened yet. The Security Council consists of 15 members. Of these, 10 are temporary and five are permanent members. Temporary members are elected from all regions of the world for two-year terms and do not have veto power.

Five countries have veto power
The five members of the UNSC with the power of veto are the US, Russia, China, Britain and France. Russia had said that if the Security Council takes any action regarding the war in Ukraine, it will use the veto. If any of the five members of the Security Council have used a veto on a resolution, then the council cannot pass that resolution. This was reflected in the statements of world leaders in the General Assembly. The most displeased were the governments of the countries of Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, as there are no permanent members from their territories. Could this change? US President Joe Biden believes it should be. “The time has come for this institution to become more inclusive so that it can better respond to the needs of today’s world,” Biden told the General Assembly last week. He emphasized increasing the number of permanent and non-permanent members and advocated permanent membership for countries in Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean. a

India, Germany, Japan and Brazil claim strong
Merika also supported the candidatures of Germany, Japan and India for the permanent seat. French President Emmanuel Macron said international consensus is needed for peace. “So I hope we can make a commitment to reform the Security Council so that it has more representation, welcomes new members, and is able to play a fuller role by committeeing veto rights in mass crimes,” he said. ” Addressing the General Assembly on Saturday, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov called for a more democratic council with representations from Africa, Asia and Latin America and comprising India and Brazil. At a later press conference, he said the inclusion of “hostile” Western countries such as Japan and Germany would not add anything new to the council. According to him, “they are all following the orders of America.” How Reforms Can Work Efforts to reform the Council began in 1979.

Demand to keep 25 members in the council
In 2005 world leaders called for more comprehensive representation, making it effective and transparent in the Council. That year the General Assembly postponed three rival proposals to expand membership in the Council, reflecting deep divisions and continuing to this day. Germany, Japan, Brazil and India had called for permanent membership in the 25-member council without veto power. The other group, which included Italy and Pakistan, called for 10 new non-permanent seats in the 25-member council. The 55-member African Union wants the council to have 11 new seats, six of which are permanent and two to be given to African countries with veto power and five non-permanent members.

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