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Two years in power of the Taliban in Afghanistan: a period marked by a setback for women’s rights

Two years in power of the Taliban in Afghanistan: a period marked by a setback for women's rights

Amnesty International (AI) denounced this Tuesday that the Taliban’s resumption of power in Afghanistan two years ago has plunged Afghan women into “a dark chapter” whose lives are changing exponentially as a result of a “storm of draconian restrictions” that “silence and subjugate”. have deteriorated.

This was done through a communication on the occasion of Second anniversary of the Taliban invasion of Kabulwhich allowed them to take control of the country.

Amnesty International stated that “the Training has morphed into an unattainable mirage under the Taliban regime because “classrooms, once resonant, now are.” Closed to girls and young women“; while “public participation, a path to equality, has been brutally curtailed,” as evidenced by the fact that “political and labor space has narrowed and opportunities that once promised significant social change have disappeared.” “Freedom of movement, a symbol of independence and autonomy, has also been severely restricted.”

Study and work ban or dress code: Restrictions for women

Faced with this situation, Amnesty International developed a Decalogue of the prohibitions suffered by Afghan women. It states that “education is forbidden” and recalls that shortly after taking power, the Taliban postponed the right of girls over 12 to go to school “indefinitely”. Added to this was the ban on women’s access to higher education.

After imposing onestrict gender segregationdivides women and men”, the Afghan Ministry of Education issued a decree at the end of 2022 that “bans women completely from learning rooms”.

In return, “the employment situation for women in Afghanistan has changed radically since then”. “The ban on working outside the home has done serious damage to the family economy.”

AI recalled that “only one limited number of doctors and nurses They are allowed to work in certain hospitals in Kabul to care for women and girls as long as they cannot be replaced by men,” adding that “they are forbidden from interacting with their male colleagues.”

In rural areas there is “Very few doctors”according to Amnesty International, as “they are subject to the same movement restrictions as their patients.”

The organization found that the Dress code for women “was subjected to extreme regulations” because he proves that “they must be covered from head to toe”. Those who disobey this commandment or are not accompanied by their “mahram” (a close relative) face “lashings, beatings and verbal abuse.”

This rigor is applied to questions related to the most intimate details of women’s clothing, such as the use of shoes with heelswhose ban is justified by the fact that its sound “would be heard by men”, or the ban on flared trousers, even if they are hidden under the burqa.

An order from the Taliban led to this Closure of thousands of beauty salons in AfghanistanFacilities that “not only provided an essential source of income for the family economy, but also played a vital role as safe meeting places and union spaces for women.”

Amnesty International said Afghan women are not allowed to leave their homes unaccompanied by a “mahram,” a man with close relatives such as a father, brother or husband. This restriction even extends to travel, be it by bus or taxi.

Likewise, women have been segregated from competitions and sports centers, which “not only harms their health and well-being, but also limits their opportunities to socialize, grow and develop.”

The Taliban have extended gender segregation to public transport, “marking a clear boundary between the world of men and women.”

“Prematurity and Forced” Marriages

Amnesty International warned that “the number of early and forced marriage Due to the severe economic and humanitarian crisis and the lack of educational and career prospects for women and girls, the number of people in the country has increased enormously.

In fact, there are reports of families who, faced with the desperate situation in which they live, “They force women and girls to marry Taliban”; while these “force women and girls to marry a Taliban”.

The former “has one serious impact on the health and lives of girls and womenwhose autonomy and decision-making powers regarding their bodies and their future are being reduced, with serious consequences throughout their lives.”

This has serious implications for the health and lives of girls and women who see their autonomy and decision-making powers restricted in relation to his body and his future, with serious consequences throughout his life.

The Taliban’s cruelty to women means they cannot lean out of the balconies or windows of their houses to avoid being seen, black out the windows and forbid their being photographed and filmed, and for these images to be printed in magazines become and books.

Free expression

Amnesty International said the Taliban’s repression “a brave and peaceful resistance movement led by women and girls across Afghanistan“; however, “this struggle for fundamental rights such as freedom of expression, association and assembly has not been spared suffering and adversity.”

Finally, the organization emphasized that “the peaceful protests have become dangerous terrain for these brave women who have been electrocuted and shocked.” Yet Afghan women and girls “remain at risk and fight for people’s rights.”

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