Three studies highlight the importance of measuring the social perception of the pandemic

Researchers from the Carlos III Health Institute (ISCIII), in collaboration with scientists from other institutions, published two articles on the validation of scales to analyze the health literacy of citizens during the pandemic and the level of pandemic fatigue developed by the population, two lines related to the Cosmo-Spain study, which since 2020 has evaluated the social perception of the pandemic in Spain.

In the first of the studies, the authors evaluate the psychometric properties of a Spanish version of the ‘Covid-19 Health Literacy Questionnaire’, which allows assessing the ability to access, understand, evaluate and apply information about covid-19.

In the first of the works, the authors evaluate the psychometric properties of a Spanish version of the COVID-19 Health Literacy Questionnaire (CHL-Q), which allows assessing the ability to access, understand, evaluate and apply information about the coronavirus, was included in the WHO initiative COVID-19 snapshot monitoring with the aim of facilitating studies on knowledge and behavior during the pandemic. The article was published in the journal Health Results and Quality of Life.

The results indicate that the Spanish version of this tool is “adequate and reliable for measure health literacy related to covid-19 in the general population”. In addition, it is a useful instrument to assess whether the public authorities, the media, and the medical and scientific community have managed to reach the population in order to provide information in the necessary terms. Having this type of tool is essential to manage a reality that the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted: the importance of health knowledge to make informed preventive decisions.

pandemic fatigue

The second publication, on the other hand, started with the objective of analyzing the psychometric properties of the pandemic fatigue scale specific for COVID-19 used in the general Spanish population (COVID-19 Pandemic Fatigue Scale, CPFS). The results, published in JMIR Public Health and Surveillancesuggest that this scale has adequate reliability and consistency, “proving to be a useful tool for knowing the level of pandemic fatigue in the general population, which can help guide communication and information strategies”.

A third publication, also related to Cosmo-Spain and led by the same team of researchers from ISCIII, confirms the relevance of the impart scientific knowledge to facilitate high levels of acceptance of vaccines against COVID-19, as happened in Spain.

The results, published in American Journal of Public Healthreflect that the acceptance ofvaccination almost doubled between September 2020 and May 2021, and point out that in order to strengthen the population’s trust in institutions, health professionals and the scientific community, it is essential to guarantee access to truthful, simple and understandable information, seeking strategies for the most reluctant groups.

Reference:

Falcón, M., Rodríguez-Blázquez, C., Fernández-Gutiérrez, M. et al. “Measuring COVID-19 health literacy: validation of the COVID-19 HL questionnaire in Spain”. Health Results and Quality of Life. (2022).

Rodríguez-Blazquez C, Romay-Barja M, Falcon M, Ayala A, Forjaz MJ. “Psychometric properties of the COVID-19 pandemic fatigue scale: cross-sectional online research study”. JMIR Public Health and Surveillance. (2022).

Beca-Martínez MT, Romay-Barja M, Ayala A, Falcon-Romero M, Rodríguez-Blázquez C, Benito A, Forjaz MJ. Trends in acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccine in Spain, September 2020 to May 2021. American Journal of Public Health. August 25, 2022:e1-e9. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2022.307039. Epub before printing. PMID: 36007207.

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