They find in Spain two graves with up to 150 executed from the Civil War

Archaeological excavations carried out in the province of Zaragoza (northern Spain) have led to the discovery of two graves with people killed during the Spanish civil war (1936-1939), which could hold up to 150 bodies.

The excavation takes place in the cemetery of the town of Belchite, the scene of one of the bloodiest battles of the Spanish war, and Fifteen bodies have already appeared in the first grave.

Barely two days after the coup d’état of the troops that rose up against the republic, on July 18, 1936, the town of Belchite suffered the first repressions by Falangists and other groups of insurgents that killed about 150 people, who may be the ones who occupy that first discovered grave.

The president of the Association for the Recovery of Democratic Memory of Belchite, José Vidal, pointed out that of those 150 murdered "there is specific documentation", although he related to Efe that those shot during the Civil Warl in the town would amount to about 400 people, 325 from the locality and the rest from other surrounding municipalities.

The excavation work, which began on September 30, allowed bone remains to emerge, whose position indicated that they had been "thrown away", in addition to denoting a "major violence"According to the archaeologist and co-director of the excavation, Gonzalo García, as in the case of a body that appeared bound, face down and shot to the skull.

Among the fifteen bodies appeared several young women, one less than 18 years old. Altogether, they are men and women in their twenties and forties, very few of advanced age.

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For the anthropologist José Ignacio Lorenzo, it is a discovery "very important" because, although the events were known, there were no eyewitnesses or who the people were, so he appealed to descendants of Belchite to contact the association to take DNA samples, and once the exhumations left a job "thorough" to individualize the remains.

According to experts and memory associations, it is estimated that some 130,000 people are buried in unidentified mass graves throughout the Spanish territory, of which 90,000 would have been shot during the civil war and 40,000 in the postwar period.

The recovery of these bodies is a constant demand on the part of the victims’ families, especially considering that the direct family (children and siblings) hardly remains, since the civil war ended more than eighty years ago.

However, despite the existence of a Historical Memory Law since 2007, this chapter in the history of Spain has not yet been closed and another Memory Law is currently being processed in Congress to promote the recovery of the disappeared during the civil war and dictatorship and repairing the victims.

 

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