The United States ends the year with nearly two shootings per day

Murdered in their homes or in broad daylight, killed by strangers or their loved ones: Gun violence occurred again in the USA this year.which concludes in 2023 650 mass shootingsabout two a day, that is the second worst data since 2014.

It was only in 2021 that this tragic number was exceeded 690 mass shootingssays the Gun Violence Archive (GVA), a nonprofit project that collects data from local newspapers and police departments to create a national database on gun violence.

In 2022 647 mass shootingsdefined as those in which at least four people are injured or killed in a single incident, without the perpetrator.

Three more shootings were recorded in 2023, for a total of 650, making this year the second deadliest since GVA began collecting data in 2014.

More than 120 firearms per 100 residents

The reason shootings continue to happen is simple: There are more guns in the United States than people.

Specifically, there are around 120.5 weapons per 100 inhabitants, as the Swiss research organization Small Arms Survey estimated in 2018 390 million weapons in circulation In the United States.

The problem has worsened in recent years, particularly due to the Pandemicsaid Kelly Drane, a researcher at the Giffords Organization, named after former Arizona congresswoman Gabby Giffords, who was seriously injured in a shooting in 2011 while she was still in office.

“We have seen an increase in gun purchases during the pandemic, in 2020 and again in 2021. “We saw many people who did not previously own guns acquire them, meaning more households in the U.S. own guns compared to previous years,” Drane said.

In addition, those who frequently carry out shootings against groups of people have done so frequently mental problems or have experienced drastic changes in their livessuch as layoffs or the loss of loved ones, a situation that has been exacerbated by the pandemic, the researcher explained.

Maine, scene of deadliest shooting of 2023

The deadliest shooting of 2023 occurred in October Lewistonthe second largest city in the state Mainewhere an army reservist 18 people were killed and thirteen others were injured by opening fire first in a bowling alley where a children’s tournament was taking place and then in a restaurant.

The perpetrator of this massacre, Robert CardThe 40-year-old suffered from mental health problems and was found dead after the incident committed suicide in a truck near a recycling plant where he had worked until recently.

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Also firearms They took the lives of eleven people who celebrated the Lunar New Year in a dance hall on January 21st Monterey Parka suburb nearby The angel with a majority Asian population. Just two days later there was another shooting Half Moon Bay, Californialeft a balance of seven people dead.

In March, a transgender man visited his old school in NAshville, Tennessee and killed three nine-year-old children and three adults. In April a former bank employee came in Louisville, Ky ended the life of five workers of this banking company; during, in May, Eight people died in a shooting at a mall in Allen, Texas..

Recently, another person was killed in a shooting at a mall in China on Christmas Eve Colorado Springs (Colorado).

Little political will

The severity of mass shootings often leads to attempts to reform the laws governing the right to keep and bear firearms. protected by the Second Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. However, these efforts rarely result in significant change.

In 2022, the terrible school massacre occurred Uvalde (Texas)in which 19 students and two teachers lost their lives, prompted the US Congress to approve it Gun Control Act most important of the last three decades.

Yet for many, the legislation does not adequately address a crucial element of shootings: the Assault rifleslike the AR-15, which are designed as a weapon of war, allowing a person to continue shooting without having to stop to reload.

The American President, Joe Bidenhas urged a ban on assault rifles, which were already banned between 1994 and 2004 almost unanimous opposition from the Republican factionwho currently has control of the House of Commons.

However, the most influential actor is the National Rifle Association (NRA, in English), the makes financial contributions to the campaigns of presidential candidates and members of Congress to prevent legislation strengthening gun control from being passed.

The NRA supported in the 2016 and 2020 elections Donald TrumpPresident between 2017 and 2021, and who now starts as the favorite to win the Republican nomination and face Biden in next year’s election.

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