The DR is the only country in which 60% of migrant employment is self-employed

Although there are no updated statistics on the migrant or foreign population in the country, it is notorious in the different economic sectors a considerable increase in the flow of migrants living in the country and that they have been inserted, in one way or another, in the Dominican labor market.

Although it is not surprising, the majority of job opportunities for the migrant population are self-employedThis is confirmed by the International Labor Organization (ILO), an entity that ensures that the Dominican Republic is the only country that registers migrant self-employment close to 60% of the total employment of this population group.

The ILO explains in its Report “Labor migration, mobility in the world of work in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic in Latin America and the Caribbean”, that migrant self-employment is close to 60% of total employment, with salaried employment below 40%.

This study, carried out by Francesco Carella, Silvia Frean and Juan Jacobo Velasco, highlights that in most of the countries of the region the labor insertion of migrants occurs mainly in salaried jobs, but that the intensity of this insertion depends a lot on the employment context of host countries, There is a high correlation between the levels of general salaried employment and those observed among migrants.

Another important data that the study refers to is that most migrant workers in the region in 2019 had between 7 and 12 years of schooling, however, in countries such as Chile, Colombia and the Dominican Republic, more than 50% of this employment was concentrated in the group with complete or almost complete secondary education, followed by 30% with higher education.

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In a debate held yesterday by the Council of Ministers of Labor of Central America and the Dominican Republic, with technical support from the ILO, it was clear that migration is an issue intrinsically linked to labor markets.

ILO estimates indicate that, between 2017 and 2020, there was a 3% increase in people who left their countries in search of job opportunities in the world: from 164 to 169 million, explains the ILO.

Manuela Tomei, Director of the Department of Working Conditions and Equality at ILO Headquarters in Geneva, revealed that In Central America and the Dominican Republic, in the last decade the migration phenomenon has been expanding in volume, dynamism and complexity And this is closely linked to the world of work and the search for job opportunities in decent conditions.

He added that in Latin America, the proportion of migrant workers between men and women is 58.5% and 41.5%, respectively and highlighted that women continue to face the greatest obstacles, both economic and otherwise. “They may suffer discrimination based on gender in the labor market, in addition, they lack social connections that make it easier for them to reconcile work and family life in a foreign country,” said Tomei.

He held that migrant workers represent a significant percentage of the workforce and make a crucial contribution to society and the economy countries of destination, as they do essential work in crucial sectors such as health care, transportation, services, agriculture and food processing, but said thatthey often occupy temporary, informal or unprotected positions.

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