The contribution of neurosciences to sport

Studies of how the brain of a human being works are a matter of constant research for science. The findings are highly surprising and their scope, in addition to being a great scientific contribution to humanity, is gaining more strength in the world of sport. In the last moment, soccer has deposited its interest in neuroscience with the aim of investigating what happens in the nervous system of the players on a playing field. What’s going on in extreme situations, where stress and anxiety to win are part of the daily.

He Liverpoolthe English team that leads jurgen kloppat the beginning of last year announced that work with Neuro11 –develops training based on neuroscientific data– in which, through some artifacts that are placed in the heads of the players, they can see which parts of the brain must be observed at certain moments of a set piece situation. “Now we can specifically train our players’ shooting precision and mental abilities directly on the pitch, in a way that was not possible for us until now.”said the Reds coach.

At the local level, It was River who began to explore this way of working by incorporating Dr. Sandra Rossi into its coaching staff. His arrival, back in 2014 when Marcelo Gallardo began his cycle at the Núñez club, was a before and after for the institution currently chaired by Jorge Brito. Although her name keeps a low profile, her work is recognized and every time she is sought out for a talk, the audiences, whether face-to-face or virtual, fill their capacity.

This last Monday, within the framework of the first meeting organized by the Núñez Club Association Affairs Commission, which was titled “Neurosciences applied to sport”the presence of Rossi filled the capacity of the luxurious SUM that the club wears, within the facilities of the Más Monumental Stadium. The doctor who for eight years has been dedicated to training the brain of the Millionaire campus, gave a talk and kept everyone present attentive. “The brain moves. The brain is where our soul is, our way of being, our way of handling ourselves.”, he introduced.

Far from entering codes that scare away the audience, he specified some strong points of the objectives to be achieved with soccer players: “shorten reaction times, increase peripheral vision, maintain higher attention levels”. And then he explained that his daily work camp is in “everything that happens in the brain of a high-performance athlete before moving, to optimize it and push the limits that each one has”.

Rossi, before arriving at River, worked for 15 years in the neuroscience laboratory at Cenard. He worked with Las Leonas, Los Leones, motor racing drivers, national teams from different disciplines, Davis Cup tennis players and with Los Pumas. His presence in soccer brought complementary tools for the players. “My function on the campus is to train the brain,” he told La Página Millionaria as soon as he arrived at the club.–. From a functional and not a psychological point of view. I work with specific software for speed of reaction and decision-making that stimulates the athlete”.

During the talk, which was attended by some Millionaire leaders, including Matías Patanian, subsidiaries and partners, he told what those skills are that can be measured with software and explained that that serves to build a “cognitive profile” of the player. “Simple and complex reaction time; peripheric vision (try to make it as open as possible in football); affordances (ability to predict. Future time. They are probabilities that the brain takes out); Mot (the ability to hold more than one stimulus simultaneously. Various things in my visual field that provide information to see what is happening at that moment); focal and sustained attention (our brain is not prepared for multitasking. Doing more than one thing at a time doubles the time it takes and the possibility of error); Concentration; Stress management; Management of emotions (they are to be felt. When I deny it, that emotion increases); Sleep management as a parameter of direct influence on performance (for the deep repair of our body)”, he specified.

Despite the fact that Gallardo has left the club, Rossi continues his work, but is now in charge of the Department of Neuroscience. All these years in the institution, he highlights their constant learning and highlights that this tool, in which he develops cognitive data from the players, is also used by coaches to obtain data. “Neuroscience is one more fact. We have many years left of crossing variables to get the profile of our players. we are in diapers -Explain-. This is very new in Argentine soccer”.

in what Regarding the work with the inferiors, she says that this methodology led her to the sixth division. “The idea is to catch the youngest. But not so much, he maintains. We must also respect the ideology of the brain of the little ones. You have to be very careful and respect the growth stages. From 13, 14 years old you can start”. And he concludes: “Things happen at extreme speed, there is not that much time for analysis. The work is more aimed at feeling than thinking“.

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