The BRICS invite Saudi Arabia, the Emirates, Iran, Argentina, Egypt and Ethiopia

The BRICS, the bloc of emerging countries consisting of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, have decided invite six new members: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Iran, Argentina, Egypt and Ethiopia. Around forty countries had applied for membership or planned to do so. The economies of the BRICS, which were founded in 2009 with the aim of becoming a counterweight to the western world, represent nearly a quarter of GDP and 42% of the world’s population.

After the “historic” decision are the new members will officially join the organization from January 1, 2024said the South African President Cyril Ramaphosa. “With this summit, the BRICS are beginning a new chapter,” said the South African President of the implications for the organization of emerging economies.

For the leader of the bloc’s first economy Xi Jinping, the “historic expansion” promises a “bright future” for the member countries of the bloc, which wants to further increase its importance in the planetary realm. The Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterreswho was present at the summit, called on multilateral institutions to “reform to reflect current power and economic realities” as he believes global governance structures “reflect yesterday’s world”.

For his part, the Argentine President Alberto Fernándezreiterated from Buenos Aires that his willingness to join the BRICS was due to the fact that the organization It is “an important geopolitical and financial reference point, although not the only one, for these developing countries”.in statements collected by the AFP agency.

For the authorities of the Islamic Republic of Iran, joining the organization “a strategic success for the foreign policy” of the regime. The representatives of the Saudi monarchy, whose foreign minister Prince, were more prudent Feisal bin FarhanHe said he “appreciated the invitation” although he would await further details on “how to join”.

All in all, the eventual inclusion of Saudi Arabia in the organization of the emerging countries must be interpreted as an obligation Strengthening of the Sino-Russian axis towards the West in general and the United States in particular. For their part, the representatives of the Ethiopian government assured that joining the BRICS represents a “strong moment” for their country.

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The negotiations that led to yesterday’s decision took place behind closed doors on Wednesday after two days of talks in Johannesburg led by Brazilian President Lula da Silva, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the Chinese President Xi Jinping and the South African Cyril Ramaphosa.

“The discussions were very intense and not without problems,” Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said in an appearance to the media. The election was made on the basis of the candidates’ “weight, authority” and “position on the international stage,” Lavrov added in statements to AFP.

Hours after the plane crash that killed Wagner Group leader Yevgeny Prigozhin, the Russian President, in Russia Wladimir Putin – who was unable to travel to South Africa due to the international arrest warrant issued against him – spoke at the summit via video conference. At the summit, the organization’s member states expressed their “non-aligned” position on the Ukraine conflict.

The truth is that within months the BRICS will have the greatest economic and geopolitical rivals of the United States, China, Putin’s Russia and the Islamic Republic of Iran. two states openly hostile to Washington and the Westthe two Gulf Sunni petromonarchies, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, as well as the most populous country in the Arab world, Egypt, and a regional leader like Argentina.

The United States, for its part, has confirmed this sees no future “geopolitical rivals” in the BRICS. and that it wants to maintain its current “strong ties” with Brazil, India and South Africa.

Iran and Saudi Arabia are progressing towards normalization

The expected incorporation of Saudi Arabia and Iran into the BRICS countries from January next year comes to seal the reconciliation of the two great geopolitical powers of the Middle Eastin a process aimed at transforming the region and its relationship with the West.

Respective leaders of the Sunni and Shia worlds and rivals in the oil markets, Riyadh and Tehran began the path to normalization last April announcing the opening of their respective embassies – a process recently completed – after seven years of rupture and confrontations in armed conflicts for mediation across the region.

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