Taliban repress demonstrations for 102 years of Afghanistan independence

Two people died this Thursday in the city of Asadabad while mobilizations for Afghan independence from British rule were taking place 102 years ago. Protesters waved the tricolor emblem of the Republic of Afghanistan, today replaced by the white flag and with inscriptions of the Islamic faith. While Evacuations at Kabul airport progress slowly amid shots being fired into the air and tear gas bombs thrown at the desperate crowd of people arriving at the Hamid Karzai terminal. As the Taliban’s promises of a general amnesty and a regime other than the one that ruled between 1996 and 2001 dissipate after a confidential UN report revealed that insurgents roam cities with a list of people who worked for the United States. and NATO in Afghanistan. According to Taliban and NATO officials, there are already 12 people who died from last Sunday to Thursday.

Protests

At least two people lost their lives in Asadabad, located about 230 kilometers east of the Afghan capital and close to the border with Pakistan, when the Taliban shot a crowd celebrating Afghanistan’s independence (1919), according to the Qatari media, Al Jazeera, which remarked that it has not yet been determined if they died as a result of the stampede caused by the shots or if they died from the impact of the bullets. The Taliban regime did not comment.

The demonstrations were replicated in the city of Jalalabad, where the Taliban also responded with fire. Two people, a man and a teenager, were injured and taken to nearby hospitals, Al Jazeera reported. While In the city of Khost, the insurgents established a curfew to stop the mobilizations against the regime established last Sunday. Near Wazir Akbar KhanOn the outskirts of the capital, protesters came across a Taliban pickup truck that slowed down, but then drove off, ignoring the protest.

Also in the city of Kabul They registered demonstrations linked to the tricolor of Afghanistan. According to the Qatari media, the women took to the streets of the capital waving the flag in front of the Taliban and chanting “Our flag is our identity”. While in the streets of Kabul the images of women in shops were vandalized or directly removed. A television journalist, Shabnam Dawran, assured that she can no longer work at her station.

“Time is running out”

Meanwhile, the German chain Deutsche Welle (DW) reported this Thursday that “Taliban fighters shot dead one of a journalist’s relatives” of the German medium. DW Director Peter Limbourg condemned the attack and asked the government of Germany to act. “The murder of a close relative of one of our editors by the Taliban is inconceivably tragic and demonstrates the grave danger all of our employees and their families are in in Afghanistan. Apparently, the Taliban are already conducting an organized search for journalists in Kabul and also in the provinces. Time is running out“.

The DW also detailed that “The Taliban searched the homes of at least three DW journalists”. It also reported that journalists from other media “were kidnapped or killed.” “Nemutullah Hemat of the private station Ghargasht TV, it was allegedly kidnapped by the Taliban; Toofan Omar, director of the private station Paktia Ghag Radio, according to the authorities, it was killed by Taliban fighters ”, the German media reported. The DW also referred to assassinations committed prior to the seizure of power, as in the case of Amdadullah Hamdard, translator and contributor to the German weekly Die Zeit, what was murdered “on an open street in the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad on 2 August”. Both the Taliban government and NATO officials reported 12 deaths in and around Kabul since last Sunday, Al Jazeera reported.

Evacuations and chaos

While at Hamid Karzai International Airport chaos continues due to the evacuations of thousands of people. Shots into the air and tear gas have been a constant near the air terminal since the Taliban seized power in the capital Kabul.

Yesterday the General Directorate of Physical Education and Sports of Afghanistan reported the death of Zaki Anwari, Afghan footballer who played for the youth national team. Anwari, 19, suffered a fatal fall last Monday while trying to hold on to a US C-17 plane that was evacuating people out of the country. “Anwari, like thousands of young Afghans, wanted to leave the country but fell from a US plane and died,” says a statement from the institution.

Evacuations continue to be delayed by both the insurgent regime and the United States military that maintain control over the airport. On the one hand, as reported by the German Press Agency (DPA), US soldiers held employees of German organizations at the entrances to the air terminal. “American soldiers only let their people pass”witnesses told the DPA. On the other hand, according to US diplomacy, it is the Taliban who are slowing down. “They are preventing Afghans who want to leave the country from reaching the airport”, affirmed the Undersecretary of State Wendy Sherman.

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According to an official of the insurgent movement The crowds of people crowded in the airport terminals are being asked to return home if they do not have the documents to travel. “We don’t want to hurt anyone at the airport”the Taliban official told Al Jazeera.

Despair

Thousands of people arrive at the airport leaving all their belongings behind. Many families arrive after being summoned by the embassies of the countries that are going to receive them, who summon the people at one hour and at one of the doors of the air terminal. But nevertheless, to get to the point indicated by the diplomatic offices they must push for hours to try to get there. Between shots in the air, tear gas and stampedes, people desperate to leave the country await. In many of the videos circulated it is seen how mothers and fathers in an attempt to save their children seek to allow them to enter the airport and pass them on to the military guarding the entrance.

At each access there are “three belts” and their respective doors, and in each of those belts there are hundreds of people waiting to enter.“I came to the airport with my children and my family”a former employee of an international NGO told DW. “American soldiers and the Taliban were shooting” although that fails to stop the crowd waiting to leave the country “Because they know that a situation worse than death awaits them outside the airport”added. Another crowd showed up in front of the embassies in the city, the German media reported.

Until now Germany evacuated about 900 people, including diplomats, German citizens and Afghan collaborators. The German Chancellor, Angela Merkel said Thursday that her government is working “with great pressure” to evacuate from Afghanistan “as many people” as “possible. The United Kingdom, France, Italy and Spain, among other countries, are also proceeding with the evacuations.

The United States sent 6,000 soldiers to ensure security at the Kabul airport and evacuate the 30,000 Americans and Afghan civilians who worked for them. Just over 7,000 people have already been evacuated since August 14.

Disarming promises

The Taliban are stepping up their search for people who worked with US and NATO forces, according to a confidential UN document., which warns of the possibility of “torture and executions”, despite the fact that the militants promised last Tuesday a general amnesty for all and assured that they were not going to take revenge on their opponents. However, according to the document dated Wednesday, there are reports that the Taliban have a list of people and addresses and that they went door to door. “Arresting and / or threatening to kill or arrest family members of the targeted persons unless they hand themselves over to the Taliban.”

According to the confidential report, members of the Afghan armed forces and police are at particular risk, as did the people who worked for the Ashraf Ghani government investigative units. The report cites an example of the letter sent by the Taliban to a counterterrorism officer.. In the letter instructed to report to the Armed Forces and Intelligence Commission of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan in Kabul or otherwise their relatives “will be treated according to Sharia law.“.

The Panshir Valley

While the Taliban advance in the constitution of their government with the return to Afghanistan of one of the founders of the Taliban movement, Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar. The insurgent leader also met with former Afghan president Hamid Karzai in talks to form a government that includes all ethnic groups and Islamic political parties. Meanwhile, in the valley of the Panshir, the former Vice President of Ashraf Ghani, former vice president called for resistance against “Amrullah Saleh proclaimed himself president and called for resistance against the Taliban. Saleh is also accompanied by the son of Commander Masud, a renowned anti-Taliban leader who died in 2001. According to Russian diplomacy, the resistance is organizing in the isolated valley. “The Taliban do not control all of Afghanistan. There is information coming from the Panshir”, northeast of Kabul, “where the resistance forces of Vice President Saleh and Ahmad Masud are concentrated,” said Sergei Lavrov, Russia’s foreign minister. .

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