Scientific trips – Spain’s endemic animal species that you didn’t know and where to find them

In addition to the lynx and the Iberian wolf, there are other animals that you will not find anywhere else in the world.

Spain is the country with the greatest biodiversity in Europe. This is partly due to the great diversity of climates and landscapes, from the rainy north to the semi-desert south, from the wetlands at the mouths of rivers to the high mountains. In addition, Spain has more than 200,000 square kilometers of protected areas.

All this favors that, in addition, in Spain there are notable endemic species of plants and animals, that is, species restricted to a specific geographical area, and which are not found outside it. The Iberian lynx, the brown bear or the Iberian goat are the most remarkable and spectacular endemic animals. Most of these species are at risk, and it’s worth knowing about them to better protect them.

Iberian Lynx

Iberian Lynx

Iberian Lynx

The Iberian lynx (lynx pardinus) is one of the most beautiful and endangered cats in the world. Currently, the few surviving specimens are found in the mountains of Toledo and Sierra Morena, in addition to the Doñana National Park, where they feed on rabbits and small prey. It is about half the size of the other European lynx species, the boreal lynx, which feeds on larger prey. The recovery program has moved the Iberian lynx from a “critically endangered species” to an “endangered species” in recent years, although much remains to be done.

Iberian wolf

Iberian wolf

Iberian wolf

The Iberian wolf (Canis lupus signatus) is also a seriously endangered species. If before it was spread across the entire Iberian Peninsula, today indiscriminate hunting by ranchers has reduced its habitat north of the Douro. They are medium-sized wolves, which feed mainly on deer and deer, and sometimes on wild boar.

iberian imperial eagle

iberian imperial eagle

iberian imperial eagle

Gold example of one of the endangered species that managed to recover thanks to conservation programs. Unlike other eagles, the Iberian eagle (adalberti aquila) is not migratory, it is found mainly in Andalusia and its main food is rabbits, foxes and other rodents.

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Mountain goat or Iberian goat

ibex ibex

Iberian mountain goat. Photograph: RaMaOrLi

The mountain goat (capra of the pyrenees) is found in the mountainous areas of southeastern Spain, where it finds inaccessible rocks to protect itself from its predators. It is able to climb where no one else can go, and it feeds on all kinds of herbs, including the woody branches of bushes. He is in danger of hunting.

Spanish Alpine Triton

iberian salamander

iberian salamander

This newt is not a reptile, but an amphibian, a relative of frogs. Despite this, its name (Ichthyosaura alpestris) means aquatic lizard, as its shape resembles reptiles. It is an animal of about 10 centimeters that is found in mountain streams in northern Spain, where it feeds on small crabs, earthworms, earthworms and sometimes small vertebrates.

iberian lizard

iberian lizard

iberian lizard

This time if it’s a lizard (bedriagai chalcides) of the Scincidae family that is found throughout Spain in rocky areas. It feeds on beetles, ants, insects and other insects. Its short legs have five toes and a large rostral scale with a characteristic orange color.

iberian mole

iberian mole

iberian mole

The Iberian mole (Talpa occidentalis) differs from other moles in other parts of the world due to its much smaller size and longer, narrower head. Also, the hair of the Iberian mole completely covers the eyes. It is threatened by agriculture, where it is considered a crop pest.

iberian shrew

iberian shrew

iberian shrew

Like the previous one, the Iberian Shrew (sorex granarius) is a different species from the other shrews due to its size and the color of the back fur, which is dark brown, which contrasts with the yellowish fur on the belly. It is found mainly in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula, in the central system, from the Sierra de Ayllón to the Sierra de la Estrella.

Iberian Painted Frog

Iberian Painted Frog

Iberian Painted Frog

The Iberian spotted frog (iberian pelodytes), is a species of frog endemic to the Iberian Peninsula, relatively small compared to other frogs, and distinguished by its broad, round snout.

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