Russia and China against the United States in Europe and Asia

The leaders of Russia and China held a meeting in which they were in tune when criticizing the influence of the United States in the military alliances that it establishes in Europe and Asia. Russian President Vladimir Putin and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping opposed any future enlargement of NATO in a joint statement released by the Kremlin, in which they also target the North Atlantic Treaty countries for their “cold war” stances. The meeting in Beijing also resulted in new energy cooperation contracts. According to the Putin government, there are no prohibited areas of cooperation between countries.

“Unprecedented Closeness”

The Russian president traveled to China to attend the opening ceremony of the 2022 Winter Olympics, before he met with Xi Jinping. Putin celebrated that relations with Beijing are at a moment of unprecedented closeness. The leaders met for three hours in which, according to the joint statement published by the Kremlin, they broadly agreed on geopolitical security issues.

According to the statement, Russia and China oppose the formation of closed block structures, in this sense they criticized two alliances promoted by the United States in Europe and Asia.. “The parties are opposed to a new expansion of NATO and call on the North Atlantic Alliance to abandon its ideological approaches of the cold war, respect the sovereignty, security and interests of other countries”, they specified in the text published after the meeting.

Against AUKUS and NATO

Regarding the security guarantees requested by Moscow from Washington and the rest of the NATO allies, China “sympathizes with and supports the proposals put forward by the Russian Federation to create long-term legally binding security guarantees in Europe.”

What’s more, they highlighted the concern of Moscow and Beijing regarding the trilateral security association signed in 2021 between Australia, the United States and the United Kingdom (AUKUS) mainly “his decision to initiate cooperation in the field of nuclear-powered submarines”, they point out

“Russia and China consider such actions to be contrary to the objectives of security and sustainable development of the Asia-Pacific region, increase the danger of an arms race in the region and pose serious risks of nuclear proliferation”, They noted, while They urged the AUKUS countries to fulfill “in good faith their nuclear and missile non-proliferation commitments. and that they work together to safeguard peace, stability and development in the region.”

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The leaders also agreed to establish a new type of relations among world powers: “based on respect, peaceful coexistence and mutually beneficial cooperation.” In this sense, they agreed that “The new interstate relations between Russia and China are superior to the political and military alliances of the Cold War era.”

Democracy

In the joint statement the leaders shared “the understanding that democracy is a universal human value rather than a privilege of a limited number of states”. In this sense, they stressed that only the people of the country can decide if their State is democratic.. “Attempts by certain States to impose their own “democratic standards” on other countries, to monopolize the right to assess the level of compliance with democratic criteria, of drawing dividing lines based on ideology, even establishing exclusive blocs and alliances of convenience, are nothing more than a mockery of democracy and go against its spirit and true values”, they stressed.

“The parties believe that the defense of democracy and human rights should not be used to pressure other countries,” they pointed out

energy agreement

Following the dialogue between Xi and Putin, the two countries also signed a major energy deal. According to the newspaper Guardian, one of the new contracts provides for Russia to supply 10 billion cubic meters of gas each year to China (in addition to the 38 billion it already supplies to the Asian giant) through its Power of Siberia gas pipeline. “It is studying a second gas pipeline that would open an additional market for the gas fields of the Yamal Peninsula”, specified the morning.

Meanwhile, the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, which still needs EU certification, remains under threat of sanction. This Friday the president of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, reiterated that she does not rule out using Nord Stream 2 as part of the sanctions device in the event that Russia attacks Ukraine.

Tensions between Russia and the countries of the North Atlantic Treaty (led by the United States) increased this week with the Pentagon’s announcement about sending three thousand troops to Poland, Romania and Germany. For its part, Washington accuses the Kremlin of deploying 100,000 soldiers on its border with Ukraine.

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