Renewable Energy – How to make your home energy independent

The unprecedented rise in energy prices has made many people consider better alternatives for the planet and their pockets.

When we think of a self-sufficient home, we imagine a cabin in the mountains with a few small solar panels, two light bulbs, and a small refrigerator. But advances in technology are changing that picture.

Both single-family homes and apartments in a building can use a combination of solar panels, wind turbines and batteries to greatly reduce their dependence on energy, including becoming fully independent from the grid.

Since the repeal of the illegal “solar tax” in Spain, expand the offer of installation of renewable energy generators, namely solar panels and in some cases domestic wind turbines. Both solutions are available for neighborhood communities and single family homes.

However, self-generation of renewable energy is not enough. Most solar energy is generated during the day, when people are not at home and consumption is low. On the contrary, the greatest consumption occurs at night, when the solar cells are not producing energy.

For this reason, systems that truly make a home energy independent need storage, i.e. batteries. Battery technology has advanced in recent years and it is now easy to find high-capacity, fast-charging units that are capable of powering an entire home. Batteries can also help by charging when energy is cheaper and providing electricity at times of day when using the grid is more expensive.

Renewable energy installations can be amortized over about 10 years, and from that moment on, the electricity in that house can be considered free. On the other hand, installing batteries alone allows for great savings.

These are the three components that make it possible to install an energy-independent home:

wind turbines

They are the least common option for homes, but in certain geographic locations where the wind is more constant, they are a great alternative. A wind turbine like the ones the company makes Bornay It starts working with winds of only 12 kilometers per hour and generates a power of up to 5,000 W. This energy can be used for consumption or to charge batteries.

Read Also:  Watch: Six-hitting competition between Pakistan T20 team and support team, do you know who is batting...

Solar panels

Today’s solar panels have efficiencies between 14 and 30%, providing much more energy than the panels of just two decades ago. In fact, the 30% limit was considered too far, and was recently reached with the use of silicon-perovskite panels. https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/science.abd4016 This number means that 30% of the energy received from the sun is converted into electricity. Even with current panels, with the roof surface of a house of 100 m2, the needs of a house for a family with an energy of about 5 KW can be met.

batteries

Batteries allow the energy produced by solar or wind self-generation to be stored and also charged at times when electricity from the grid is cheaper. Battery units like the company’s EcoFlow They reach powers of up to 5,000 W, enough to connect high consumption appliances such as air conditioners or dryers. By connecting several units, these powers can be multiplied up to 25 KW. Also, they are charged up to 80% in less than an hour and up to 100% in less than two hours.

All these systems can be controlled by intelligent systems that optimize load and consumption, and which can be controlled through an app.

Combined with other improvements such as the use of thermal insulation, heat pump heating, passive air conditioning (sun and shade, drafts), energy consumption can be reduced considerably, up to 10% of the consumption of a comparable home that does not use these techniques. All this means that the investment cost to make the house energy independent is even lower.

In the future, local and decentralized generation and storage of electricity will also prevent losses in the electricity grid. As a whole, these technologies could drastically reduce the planet’s emissions if they start to be massively implemented in the next few years.

Recent Articles

Related News

Leave A Reply

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here