Ortega’s questioned reelection opens a new chapter in crisis in Nicaragua

The reelection of the president of Nicaragua, Daniel Ortega, who consolidated his fifth term in questioned elections, considered "illegitimate" By most of the international community, it has opened an unpredictable new chapter in the political crisis that the Central American country has been experiencing since April 2018.

After the re-election of Ortega, in power since 2007, the situation in Nicaragua constitutes a "proof" for the international community, Michael Shifter, president of the Inter-American Dialogue study center, based in Washington, told EFE on Tuesday.

For the expert, this is a "fundamental theme" for the agenda of the General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS), a body that he described as a "strong polarization mirror" that the region lives.

Precisely the OAS will open its 51st General Assembly this Wednesday with Guatemala as the host country and the scenario dominated by the disputed elections in Nicaragua.

Nicaragua on the OAS agenda

The Secretary General of the OAS, Luis Almagro, rejected the results of the elections "illegitimate" in Nicaragua and asked member countries to respond to this "clear violation of the Democratic Charter" during the General Assembly that begins tomorrow.

In a message, Almagro released a report on Nicaragua prepared by the OAS Secretariat for Strengthening Democracy, which states that the international community "must demand annulment" of those elections "and make a call for the celebration of a new electoral process", because "did not meet any of the essential elements of democracy, described in the Inter-American Democratic Charter".

And although it is expected that after three days of sessions a resolution condemning the Ortega government will be concluded, Shifter admitted that the OAS faces the limitations of a multilateral organization that "counts on the votes of its member countries".

Hence, he pointed out the need for the United States "take the baton" to coordinate actions towards Managua with the European Union (EU) and other partners, in order to prevent the example of Ortega and his wife and vice president, Rosario Murillo, from being emulated by other countries in the region.

The paper of USA

In this the former president of Costa Rica Laura Chinchilla (2010-2014) agreed, for whom the "fraud" in Nicaragua it is a risk for the rest of Latin America, for which a forceful response from the international community was urged.

"The situation is worrying, not only for Nicaragua and Nicaraguans, but it has a very worrying impact for the entire region because it will definitely be an obstacle to moving in processes of economic reactivation, it will pay for the humanitarian crisis that already exists. in Central America and it will become a kind of mapped route that other rulers with few democratic convictions may be tempted to follow"Chinchilla warned in an interview with Efe.

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"If what Daniel Ortega did goes unpunished, he is going to speak very badly of the ineffectiveness of regional mechanisms to address situations of democratic deterioration, such as the OAS, of the effectiveness that the (US) Administration of Joe Biden may have. to make democracy one of the fundamental pillars, and will contribute to regional destabilization", I note.

The Deputy Secretary for Latin America of the United States Department of State, Ricardo Zúñiga, remarked on Tuesday that his country will continue to use "diplomacy" and the measurements "coordinated" with regional partners, such as sanctions and "visa restrictions", to promote "accountability" of the "partners in crime" of the Government of Ortega.

Law reborn and the "Sons of bitches"

President Biden is expected to sign the so-called law soon "Be reborn" (English acronym for Enforcing Compliance with Conditions for Electoral Reform in Nicaragua), which expands supervision of loans from international financial institutions to that country.

In addition, it advocates the imposition of selective sanctions on Nicaraguan officials and that these be coordinated with the Government of Canada and the EU, while reviewing the continued participation of Nicaragua in the Free Trade Agreement with Central America (CAFTA).

Ortega, who returned to power in 2007 after coordinating a Government Junta from 1979 to 1985 and presiding over the country for the first time from 1985 to 1990, prevailed in the absence of opposition after seven candidates for the Presidency were arrested in recent months. that were emerging as its main contenders and after the dissolution of three political parties.

The former Sandinista guerrilla, who turns 76 on Thursday, called last night "sons of bitches of the Yankee imperialists" opponents detained on charges of "treason" and those who avoided facing each other in the elections.

He also charged against the US and the EU, which have not recognized reelection for their fifth term and classified them as colonizers and fascists.

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