The International Day of the Jaguar, one of the most emblematic cats in America, is the result of a joint initiative by several countries where this cat lives. The day was established at COP14 (Convention on Biological Diversity) under the auspices of the United Nations in 2018. In Argentina it is celebrated as World Yaguareté Day.
International Jaguar Day is recognized by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), World Wildlife Organization (WWF), Wildlife Protection Society (WCS), panthers and some government officials. Latin Americans.
What is the reason for celebrating International Jaguar Day?
The purpose of International Jaguar Day is to raise awareness of the threats cats face, the conservation efforts to ensure their survival, and their essential role as a keystone species whose presence indicates a healthy ecosystem. The Jaguars (Panthera onca) are at the top of the food chain and are the largest land predators in America.
“On this day, people are expected to realize the fundamental role played by the jaguar in maintaining natural ecosystems.“.
The Jaguar plan for 2030
The celebration is part of the Jaguar Plan 2030: a regional plan to protect the continent’s largest cat and its ecosystems, a global commitment to save the jaguar.
The Jaguar 2030 plan aims to strengthen the so-called Jaguar Corridor, which stretches from the south of the United States to the north of Argentina, where it lives in the provinces of Salta, Jujuy, Chaco and Misiones, and envisages April 30 fundamental areas to protect landscapes to protect species.
What threats do jaguars face?
The jaguar is the largest cat in America and the third largest in the world. The population of this species is declining due to illegal hunting and habitat loss and fragmentation. This species is already extinct in El Salvador and Uruguay.
While international organizations try to protect it, some people try to survive by adapting to new ecosystems. Such is the case with a thriving population of jaguars that live on a small, pristine island off the coast of the Brazilian Amazon and have learned to fish in the sea to survive, conservationists have found.
The Yaguareté in Argentina
Its scientific name is Panthera onca, but in Argentina the most common name is Yaguareté, which means “really wild” in Guaraní; although it is also known as Overo, Pintail, Tigre, Uturunko, Tiog and Kiyok depending on the province. In the rest of the world it is called a jaguar.
In Argentina, the jaguar enjoys the highest level of species protection: in 2001 it was declared a national natural monument and in several provinces in the north of the country it was also declared a provincial natural monument. Its current status indicates that it is critically endangered, according to the classification of the Argentine Society for Research on Mammals (SAREM) in Argentina’s Red List of Endangered Mammals.
According to government data from 2019, around 250 individuals live in Argentina due to historical reasons such as poaching, environmental degradation and lack of natural prey.
According to the WWF, big cats are found in 18 countries in the Americas, but 50% of the species’ original range has been lost and their populations are declining due to illegal hunting and habitat loss and fragmentation.
In Argentina, most of them have sought refuge in the forests of Salta and Jujuy, where there is virtually no human activity; others live in the jungles of Misiones and very few in the Chaco region. To protect it, national parks, researchers and various NGOs carry out activities in national and provincial parks and reserves.
Remember that you can participate by running a campaign on social networks to share this information about International Jaguar Day.
Don’t forget to hashtag it #InternationalJaguarDay #WorldJaguarDay.
With information from: