Niger, motifs beyond Russia and uranium

Wagner, Vladimir Putin, Urania, France, Nigerian Uranium, Al Qaeda. The looming outcome of the Nigerian crisis has smashed the walls of If you wonder why the same reaction was not evoked in the attempted coups in Guinea-Conakry or Mali, and then read these arguments that have been ringing in the public’s ears for years, you understand that the fruits are ripe, that a new front must be ripe and that the Ukraine war was hardly an unfinished sequel. The world is divided into groups.

The West is accused of neocolonialism and Russia appears as the savior angel, or vice versa, and the most cautious warn of the dire consequences a war in West Africa would have for jihadism, or the less informed speak of Nigerian uranium, which is just another piece of a puzzle that has been building for some time in France, but also in Nigeria or Senegal, that is, at an internal level between African nations, without hardly being taken into account in the analyses. The ringing words hardly stop uttering others like Ousmane Sonko, Benin, Pan-Africanism or Tinubu. And it is still paradoxical that the surname of the President of Nigeria and the rotating President of the ECOWAS (Community of West African States).an organization similar to the European Union, which includes fifteen African countries) appears as a misspelling in the Word system.

And it begs the question: if all of this really stems from the war with Russia or Uranium, how is it possible that African politicians seem willing to order their constituents to commit suicide for European politicians? What do they gain in governability with so much death? Some would answer that question in the simplest terms, branding the democratic governments of West Africa as puppets of the West entrenched in the kind of colonialism critics they supposedly fight. That Bola Tinubu, the President of Nigeria, is so overwhelmed by his country’s debt that he would do anything to pay it off. Or that Senegal has been following the script of the Elysée tenant since gaining independence in 1960. That the puppets send all the dead to die for Europe, the cruel.

Ousmane Sonko

A look at the situation of some ECOWAS Presidents sends shivers down the spine of a Democrat. In Senegal, for example, West Africa’s most reliable democracy since independence, the system has faltered in recent years. The emergence on the national political stage of Ousmane Sonko and his PASTEF party, furiously demanding de facto independence from France Among other things, this allowed the African nation to abolish the use of the CFA franc as its currency and attracted a population with an average age of 19 years who yearn for a better future than their parents’. In recent months, that wobble has intensified after Sonko was accused of rape by a masseuse and sentenced in court to two years in prison for “juvenile corruption.” Before, during and after After this trial, the PASTEF leader encouraged his supporters to protest against the Senegalese government. At least 21 people have died in the protests over the past two months.

Sonko was arrested at his home in Dakar and his party was officially dissolved a few weeks after the trial.At the end of June, he was also faced with new charges related to the protests that followed his first conviction: incitement to insurrection, criminal conspiracy, criminal conspiracy in connection with a terrorist organization… This sparked new protests that continue to this day and that has led to it As a result, the government has severely restricted access to social networks, on the grounds that they are used by protesters as a means of dissemination.

That’s because Ousmane Sonko, the current mayor of Ziguinchor, managed to instill the pan-African spirit in young Senegalese, foment protests and unsettle the Senegalese system, which goes hand in hand with France. And Macky Sall, the current president, who is rumored to be running for a third term (despite the Senegalese constitution allowing no more than two consecutive terms) and although he announced last June that he would not run again in the 2024 election year Macky Sall that his legacy before the conclusion will be these protests and the dead.

Bola Tinubu and his 4% supporters

Bola Tinubu has it worse. The man who was elected President of Nigeria in February faces five years that promise to be difficult. It’s already started on the wrong foot. A country torn by communal strife, with unprecedented public debt and extraordinary poverty in the continent’s largest economy has fallen into their hands. The giant is unfolding like mud and it seems that the new president has faced problems even after his first actions. A few weeks ago he decreed the state food emergency in the country while facing a general strike organized by Nigerian unions this weekafter Tinubu decided to reduce gasoline subsidies.

With fuel prices at record highs and the naira (Nigerian currency) at record lows after plunging to half of its value in June, the situation in Nigeria is grim. There is no other way to define it. Taking that into account Tinubu was elected with 8 million votes In a country of 220 million people, that’s only guaranteed the support of 4% of the population, some of whom already regret voting for him. Such is the case of Yusuf, a Lagos resident who showed his greatest excitement when voting for him in February, but who says today: “Tinubu is the worst thing that has happened in our country in a long time, I think. ‘ , believing the rise in food prices is another baggage of his short reign.

The Ivorian Miracle

Follow the list with Ouattara. The one who came to power after a military intervention by France in 2011, who is also married to a French woman and whose marriage was presided over by Nicolas Sarkozy as mayor of Neuilly-sur-Seine, a man who has ruled Ivory Coast since almost twelve Years with a French military base on its soil. At the height of the military coups with anti-French undertones, the Ouattara case would be considered exceptional given its proximity to Macron. Ivory Coast’s GDP has grown from $36.7 billion to $70 billion during his tenure, an extraordinary improvement due in part to the good leadership of the President, whom some would describe as French. Although many obstacles remain to be overcome on the way to the development of the Ivorians, there is no doubt that their situation is better than that of Burkina Faso (18,000 million) or Mali (20,000 million GDP).

Ouattara seems to have only two weaknesses at the moment. It is the French soldiers that this journalist saw guarding the Yamoussoukro Basilica a month ago. They are their children with dual nationality. A feeling that transcends boundaries, simmers and slips between the lips of Sonko in Senegal, Pan-Africanisma desire that affects almost every African and is being challenged today in a way that has not been the case in recent decades.

And a second weakness would be the North-South conflict that has plagued the country since the 2011 civil war. Although arms were laid down after French intervention, locals still remember that the north was the one who supported the current president in the competition (Ouattara’s family hails from Kong, a historic town in northern Ivory Coast). And not a few are dissatisfied with the result, as this journalist was able to discover during a recent visit to the country. As in so many West African countries, the north is often poorer than the southern or central regions and further from the businesses that operate on the coasts or in the capital cities. And Ouattara’s victory promised riches for those who supported her, riches in the form of roads, hospitals, schools and welfare. Riches not enough to survive for some who are constantly gasping for air.

The authoritarianism of Patrice Talon

Even President Patrice Talon does not escape in Benin. The leader of this small African country has faced repeated criticism for his electoral reforms, his system of repression of political opponents and other measures that severely curtail the freedoms of his citizens. The 2019 general election ended with ten days of popular protests This forced the police to shoot and caused several injuries. However, none of this changes the fact that relations between Talon and Emmanuel Macron are friendly, as the French President visited the country in July 2022 and reiterated his military support for Benin amid the increase in terrorist attacks along the Burkinabe border.

Although Talon has only led Benin since 2016, His methods are already being questioned by Amnesty International and since 2019 it shows that part of the population is able to stand up against it. His government, weak in the early stages of what some Beninese call “autocracy”, fraught with criticism and martyred opponents, could not be considered one of the most consolidated on the continent, as was the case with Tinubu. Bear in mind that the jihadist threat, which has already led to the overthrow of the governments of several nations in the region, is becoming a reality in northern Benin with increasing frequency.

One can now glimpse the domestic policies that place Benin, Côte d’Ivoire and Senegal among the ECOWAS countries that would initially support a Nigeria-led military intervention. With the exception of the English-speaking country, a rapprochement with France is emerging, making these countries reliable partners in the event of a possible conflict. The jihadist shadow that also affects Nigeria. Whether it is the fear that the coup epidemic will infect their nationsor because of their presidents’ resistance to their countries following the ideology dictated by the military of Conakry or Bamako, there are reasons beyond the obvious for four men to send their citizens to their deaths French and Russian interests. It is also a question of support in Congress, as we in Spain know very well.

Recent Articles

Related News

Leave A Reply

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here