New Red List of Endangered Species

According to the current Red List of Endangered Species, more than 44,000 species are threatened with extinction, around 2,000 more than last year. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) released the report on Monday during COP28 in Dubai. This year’s list contains information on 157,000 species, about 7,000 more than in last year’s update.

Atlantic salmon, green sea turtles, scimitar-crested oryxes… The Red List of Threatened Species updated on Monday highlights the impact of global warming on biodiversity and the results of conservation efforts.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) released a new inventory of the global conservation status of threatened plant and animal species at COP28 in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

The Red List, which measures the risk of extinction of future species, includes 157,190 species, of which 44,016 are threatened worldwide.

The new listing classifies green sea turtles living in the central and eastern South Pacific as “endangered” or “endangered” because they are also at risk from global warming or accidental damage.

Botanically, “Honduran Mahogany” or “Bigleaf Mahogany,” used to make furniture, ornaments, and tools, has transitioned from endangered to endangered status. According to the IUCN, populations of this species in Central and Latin America have declined by at least 60% over the past 180 years due to unsustainable agricultural practices, urban development and the expansion of agricultural land, which has led to the loss of tropical forests.

This update has improved the situation of two antelope species

The scimitar oryx is now considered “endangered” thanks to conservation efforts brought about by its reintroduction to Chad after disappearing from the wild in the late 1990s. The IUCN added that its survival “depends on continued protection from poaching.”

Scimitar Oryx jpg
The scimitar oryx is an antelope that lives in the sub-desert regions of the Sahel region south of the Sahara.

Saiga antelopes, which are found primarily in Kazakhstan, are no longer “critically endangered” but are now considered “near endangered.” From 2015 to 2022, the Central Asian country’s population grew by 1,100%.

The updated IUCN Red List of Threatened Species also summarizes the first global study on the status of freshwater fish species, which found that 25% of species assessed are now at risk of extinction.

Climate change is partly responsible for endangered species

This new report shows how climate change is worsening the planet’s biodiversity crisis, making the environment more dangerous for thousands of species and accelerating the rapid decline of Earth’s plant and animal populations.

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Species around the world are under enormous pressure. Everywhere you look, the number of endangered species is increasing“said Craig Hilton-Taylor, head of the IUCN Red List, an international organization that monitors the health of species.

Which species are currently on the IUCN Red List?

Climate change is worsening the living conditions of around 6,700 endangered species. Salmon and turtle species are among the species whose numbers are declining as the planet warms.

When it comes to green sea turtles, fewer and fewer turtles are being born as sea levels flood their nests. Heating the water can harm their food source, algae.

Figure 18
Atlantic salmon are almost threatened; their population has declined by almost a quarter between 2006 and 2020

According to the IUCN, Atlantic salmon are not yet threatened, but their numbers have declined by almost a quarter between 2006 and 2020. They are now considered near endangered. Fish live in fewer and fewer places and face man-made threats such as dams and water pollution. According to the group, climate change is making foraging more difficult and increasing competition from exotic species. But there are some signs of hope: last year the numbers increased in Maine, USA.

A quarter of freshwater fish species are threatened with extinction

The update provides the first comprehensive health assessment of freshwater fish species. A quarter of the species (just over 3,000) are threatened with extinction.

As climate change causes sea levels to rise, saltwater will migrate upstream. According to the IUCN, these species already face enormous threats from pollution and overfishing.

Frogs, salamanders and other amphibians are most affected. Around 41% of these species are threatened with extinction.

They are prisoners of the climate due to rising temperatures, drought… No matter what happens, amphibians cannot escape danger and are directly affected by climate changesaid Vivek Menon, Vice President of the IUCN Species Survival Commission.

We all must act to protect biodiversity

IUCN Director General Gretel Aguilar said it was clear that people must act to protect biodiversity and when protection is done well, it is effective. He explained that combating the threat of climate change requires phasing out fossil fuels, a controversial issue at this year’s COP28 negotiations.

Nature is here to help us, so let’s give something back.“, he claimed.

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