NASA Artemis 1 Mission: NASA will send a woman to the moon for the first time, satellite will explore the moon, why is this mission special after 50 years?

NASA Artemis 1 Mission- India TV Hindi News
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NASA Artemis 1 Mission

Highlights

  • Artemis-1 will be an unmanned mission
  • Astronauts will go to orbit
  • will drop some small satellites into orbit and put itself into orbit

NASA Artemis 1 Mission: NASA’s Artemis-1 mission is on its way to an important step in bringing humans back to the Moon after nearly half a century. This mission is scheduled to be launched on 29 August 2022 and is going to be a significant journey for NASA’s Space Launch System and Orion crew capsule. This spacecraft will go to the Moon, will drop some small satellites into orbit and will put itself into orbit. NASA’s aim is to receive training in spacecraft operation and to investigate the conditions experienced by astronauts around the Moon. As well as ensuring that the spacecraft and every space traveler aboard can safely return to Earth.

Is this rocket powerful enough?

The Conversation asked Jack Burns, a space scientist and space scientist at the University of Colorado Bold and a former member of NASA’s presidential transition team, to explain the Artemis mission. He was asked what the Artemis program would ensure in the field of space exploration, and how it would reflect the change in the space program after half a century of human footsteps on the Moon. It also asked how is Artemis-1 different from other rockets which are routinely launched? Artemis-1 will be the first flight of the new space launch system. It is a heavy lift rocket capable of being put into orbit as NASA mentions it. It has the most powerful engines ever launched compared to rockets. Even more powerful than the Saturn V system of the Apollo missions that took humans to the Moon in the 1960s and 1970s.

How advanced is this rocket?

It is a new type of rocket system as its main engines are a combination of both liquid oxygen and hydrogen systems, as well as two solid rocket boosters inspired by the spacecraft. It is actually a hybrid version of a space shuttle (Space Shuttle) and Apollo’s Saturn V rocket. This test is very important as the actual functioning of the Orion crew capsule will be seen. This training will take about a month in the space environment of the Moon which has high levels of radiation. It is also important for testing the capsule’s heat shield, which protects the capsule and its people from frictional heat when returning to Earth at a speed of 25,000 mph. It will be the fastest-travelling capsule after Apollo, so it is important that the heat-insulating shield function properly.

What would a series of small satellites do on the moon?

The mission will carry with it a series of small satellites that will be placed in the Moon’s orbit. These satellites will serve as a predictor of information such as tracking the moon’s always-dark craters, which scientists believe contain water. With the help of these satellites, the radiation in the water is to be calculated so that the effect on humans living in such environment for a long time can be assessed.

What is the goal of the Artemis project?

This mission is the first step in the path of the Artemis-3 mission, which will result in a manned mission to the Moon for the first time in the 21st century. With this, for the first time after the year 1972, man will step on the moon. Artemis-1 will be an unmanned mission. In the next few years, there are plans to launch Artemis-2, which will also send astronauts, and during this time the astronauts will go into orbit as happened in the Apollo-8 mission. Then the astronauts returned after circling the moon. However, space travel will spend a long time circling the Moon and testing all aspects with a manned crew.

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After this, the Artemis-3 mission will go to the surface of the moon which is likely to leave in the middle of this decade and can find the SpaceX stationary and exchange the astronauts. Orion will remain in orbit and the Lunar Starship will carry astronauts to the surface of the Moon. They will go to the South Pole of the Moon. Scientists have not studied these areas properly so far and after that they will investigate the ice present there.

Is Artemis the same as Apollo?

The Apollo mission was initially conceived by (former US President JF) Kennedy to defeat the Soviet Union. The administration did not specifically prioritize space or moon travel, but their clear aim was to put America first in space and technology. After half a century, the situation is different now. We’re not doing this to beat Russia or China or anyone else, but to launch sustainable exploration beyond Earth’s orbit.

What has changed in all these years?

The Artemis program has several goals, including the use of as many resources as possible, which means using the water and soil present in the form of ice on the Moon to make food, fuel and building materials. This program will help in establishing the Moon and space economy. It begins with entrepreneurship as SpaceX is part of this first mission to reach the surface of the Moon. NASA does not own Starship, but it is buying seats so that astronauts can go to the surface of the Moon.

SpaceX may then use the Starship for other purposes such as transporting launchers, private astronauts and other astronauts. Fifty years of technological advances have meant that while going to the Moon is now less expensive and more technologically practical, more complex experiments are possible. Technological advances in the last 50 years have brought about a radical change. Now anyone with financial resources can send a spacecraft to the Moon. However, he does not necessarily send humans only.

What changes can come from Artemis?

NASA said that the first manned mission will be sent by Artemis-3, which will have at least one woman and it is possible that the astronauts are black. The number of such astronauts can be one or many. I see more diversity in that because the youth of today who look at NASA can say, “Look, that astronaut looks like me. I can too. I too can be part of the space program.

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