INFOGRAPHICS. Climate: is it hot or cold for the season? Compare today’s weather to temperature history for decades








MEAN TEMPERATURE Today

DIFFERENCE FROM THE MEAN REFERENCE TEMPERATURE (1971-2000) Today

EVOLUTION OF SPREADS Since 1971

Daily values

Annual evolution

Today

Source: Meteo France

If global warming were a movie, the weather would be one of its scenes. In France, the temperature has already risen by 1.7°C compared to the pre-industrial era (1850-1900), according to last calculations from Météo France and the CNRS published in 2022. This phenomenon results from greenhouse gas emissions, generated by human activities. And the rise could reach +3.8°C by 2100, in the case of a so-called “moderate” scenario, which corresponds to current public policies.

To put the daily weather forecast in this context of a climate that changes quickly and strongly, BlazeTrends offers you a new dashboard, updated in collaboration with Météo France. Every day, you can consult the difference between the average temperature in mainland France and that of the period 1971-2000*. This national indicator is calculated using official references established by Météo France from 30 stations representative of the climate in France and Corsica.

Deviations from the average today in 30 stations in mainland France

← More cold

More hot

Station

Deviation from the mean today

Number of days more hot / more cold than the average over 1 year

Scroll the table to explore the 30 stations measured

* In Reims, a change of station, since 2014, is likely to influence the results towards a greater number of cold days.

Source: Meteo France

A warming climate is characterized by an excess of abnormally hot days and a deficit of abnormally cold days. Now, a large majority of days are warmer, even much warmer, than those observed in France just one or two generations ago. Over the past ten years, temperatures have been warmer two-thirds of the time (244 days out of 365 on average). The year 2022 is a record, with more than 80% of days warmer than the reference temperatures over the period 1971-2000. Franceinfo offers you to view this increasingly frequent phenomenon over the last 365 days.

Deviations from average daily temperatures for one year, in metropolitan France

Hotter

Colder

Today

Source: Meteo France

In recent decades, temperature differences have increased in our country. This is shown by the “warming stripes”, these graphs in colored bands, developed by the English climatologist Ed Hawkins, and which BlazeTrends has adapted for France. In blue, are represented the colder years than the reference 1971-2000; in red, the warmer years. The timeline from 1971 to 2022 clearly shows a warming climate nationally and in all regions. Enough to take a more enlightened – but also more alarming – look at the weather forecast that we consult every day.

Evolution of deviations from average annual temperatures since 1971, in metropolitan France

Station

Deviation from the average in 2022

Evolution of the deviation from the mean, each year between 1971 and 2022

Scroll the table to explore the 30 stations measured

Source: Meteo France

Last updated on 05/23/2022


*Methodology

Why did you choose the period 1971-2000 as the reference period for calculating temperature differences?

To gauge temperature fluctuations, climatologists and meteorologists compare them to reference averages. These averages are commonly called “seasonal normals” and correspond to calculated statistics over periods traditionally of thirty years. The choice was made to retain the period 1971-2000, because it is a period during which human influence on the climate has already begun but could still be “masked” by spontaneous climate fluctuations. It is from the 2000s that the effects of human influence are revealed everywhere and in all seasons.

How were the displayed temperatures measured?

Today’s values, updated daily, are based on forecasts made the day before by Météo France. This use of predicted temperatures may imply differences from average temperatures actually measured a posteriori. But these differences are small enough to be able to rely on the forecasts. Only the observed temperatures are then stored in the reading history.

What are the 30 stations represented on the map of France?

These are the stations used by Météo France to calculate the average temperature in mainland France (also called the national thermal indicator). They are distributed evenly to reflect the climate of France and Corsica. However, the daily temperature of a station cannot be generalized to the region around it. Furthermore, this sample does not include the overseas territories, which have their own particularities (tropical, polar climates, etc.).

Why don’t the temperatures have the same colors on all the graphs?

The colorimetric scale of the graphs varies according to the data they represent, in order to make it possible to distinguish the values ​​by taking into account their distribution and the amplitude of their variations. The location can also be taken into account: thus in the case of “warming stripes”, the interval in degrees of the color palette – from blue to red – is specific to each station.

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