In life everything has two faces: The case of Haiti

A good one and a bad one. Let’s start with the bad. The country’s main concern, apart from internal problems, is the crisis in Haiti. There is no room to even consider the possibility of making the entry of those fleeing a war declared by armed gangs more flexible.

It doesn’t matter how much the UN pushes. We have more than one million Haitian citizens in a low-income country of 48,000 square kilometers and a population of close to 11 million, with 23% of them poor.

And the problem is very simple. We can’t stand more illegal Haitian immigrants seeking protection in our country, because the economy can’t stand it. Consequently, the crisis in Haiti is a huge socio-political problem, which is costing the Dominican government a lot of money to protect the borders and provide healthcare and education to Haitians already residing in the country.

But there is another good side and it is trade.

In the years prior to the earthquake (2010), Dominican exports to Haiti fluctuated at 800 million dollars. Starting in 2011, they began to exceed one billion dollars until 2016, when they fell again, ending in 2019 and 2020 with 820 and 751 million dollars, respectively.

It turns out that as a result of the murder of Jovenel Moise, in mid-2021, the disaster invaded Haiti again, reaching the degree of ungovernability.

And precisely in that year, exports rose again, returning to almost one billion dollars and in 2022 again exceeded that figure with 1,040 million dollars (8.4% of total exports).

Exports to Haiti have increased from 2016 to 2022 by 27%, last year becoming the second country, after the United States, in the largest destination for our exports. It overtook Switzerland, which ranked second in previous years due to gold exports. Obviously, this increase is influenced by price increases.

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And if the crisis continues and deepens, those exports could exceed 1.2 billion dollars in 2023, since both the airport and the seaports have become a great danger for the transport of goods.

However, no volume of exports compensates for the seriousness of the Haitian crisis, although many rub their hands over the huge profits from that trade.

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