Following the crash of Russia’s Luna-25 probe last weekend, India could now become the first country to land a ship on the moon’s hostile south pole and the fourth country to successfully land on the moon after Russia, the US and China.
Expectation in the Asian country for the arrival of its space mission on our satellite Chandrayaan-3consisting of a Countries and a rover researcherhasn’t stopped growing for the past few days.
Anticipation is growing in India for the next arrival of a space mission to the moon. / EFE/EPA/IDREES MOHAMMED
The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has announced that it will broadcast the planned moon landing live 2:34 p.m. (Peninsulan time) this Wednesday Aug. 23. The event can be followed on the space agency’s website, YouTube and Facebook profiles, or on state television channel DD.
Amid growing expectations, ISRO published this week in the social network Xformerly known as Twitter, several photos of the moon taken by Chandrayaan-3, showing prominent features of its geography, such as giant craters and the so-called Lunar Maria.
Here are the pictures of
area on the other side of the moon
caught by the
Lander Hazard Detection and Avoidance Camera (LHDAC).
ISRO developed this camera to help find a safe landing spot – free of boulders or deep ditches – during descent… pic.twitter.com/rwWhrNFhHB
– ISRO (@isro) August 21, 2023
Since launching from Earth on July 14, the Indian mission has been in something of a modern-day space race against Russia’s Luna 25 mission, which launched on August 11, to become the first to reach the moon’s south pole.
However, the accident of the Russian spacecraft, which crashed onto the lunar surface two days before Chandrayaan-3 when all indications were that it would land, paved the way for the Indian spacecraft to be the first to accomplish the feat.
India experienced a similar failure in 2019 as Russia did yesterday in its mission Chandrayaan-2 also crashed due to technical problems during the landing stage against the lunar surface.
Investigate the presence of water
Should the Indian probe land successfully this time, it will conduct scientific experiments and collect data about them mineral composition of the satellite and the presence of Water in this region of the moon.
In fact, India’s first space mission to the moon, launched in 2008, discovered direct evidence of water on our satellite and the data it collected during more than 3,400 orbits of the satellite that failed to land.
In addition, another main goal of Chandrayaan-3 is to show that it can perform a safe and smooth landing on the lunar surface and move the lunar surface rover.
This mission will remain active during a lunar light period, which is approximately 14 Earth days, although it is possible that it could last a little longer.
Indian students with faces painted as moons during an activity on the Chandrayaan-3 mission. / EFE/EPO/IDREES MOHAMMED
“The mission is on time. The systems are checked regularly. The smooth process continues,” ISRO reported on Tuesday as its spacecraft completed the final orbital lap before beginning the moon landing.
Just 24 hours after the start of the descent maneuver Mission Command Center, the MOX“is full of energy and emotion,” added the Indian organization, along with images pinpointing the ship’s position 70 kilometers above the moon.
The “20 Minutes of Terror”
vikramchristened the lander, which translates to ‘brave’, plans to begin the final descent with a route of approximately 25 kilometers dubbed ‘the 20 minutes of terror’ by the Indian media.
The “most critical part of landing is the process of slowing down the module as it begins its descent from an altitude of 30 km to land,” ISRO chief recently told the media. sreedhara somanath.
In this step, the landing speed is about 1.68 km per second, with the Chandrayaan-3 in the horizontal position, so the maneuver consists of going to the vertical position during the descent.
“From a mathematical point of view, it is a very interesting calculation. We ran many simulations. This is where we had the problem last time,” Somanath explained the reasons that led to the failure of the previous mission.
Chandrayaan-3 It took 40 days for its journey since launch in mid-July with India’s largest and heaviest launch vehicle.
Despite this momentum, the mission’s propulsion was not sufficient to be sent to a direct point on the moon. Therefore, a longer journey was required, taking several days to orbit the earth and then our satellite until you found your position. Now it is preparing for its upcoming and anticipated moon landing.