How to Promote Healthy Eating

Diet changes over time and is influenced by many socioeconomic factors that interact in complex ways to determine each individual’s diet. These factors include income, food prices (which affect the availability and affordability of healthy foods), personal preferences and beliefs, cultural practices, and geographic, management and environmental factors (including climate change).

Therefore, promoting a healthy food environment, and particularly food systems that promote diverse, balanced and healthy diets, requires the participation of multiple sectors and stakeholders, including government, the public sector and the private sector.

Governments play an important role in creating a healthy food environment that enables people to adopt and maintain healthy eating habits.

Funds can adopt standards to create a healthy food environment, including:

Harmonize national investment plans and policies, particularly trade, food and agricultural policies, to contribute to healthy diets and protect public health through:

Increase incentives for manufacturers and retailers to develop, use and sell fresh fruits and vegetables.

Reducing incentives for the food industry to support or increase the production of products treated with high saturated fats, trans fats, free sugars and salt/sodium;

We are encouraged to reform foods to reduce saturated fats, trans fats, free sugars and salt/sodium to prevent invasive fats.

Apply dietary and alcohol recommendations to children.

Establish rules to promote healthy eating practices through available, nutritious, safe and inexpensive foods in schools, colleges and other governmental organizations and in the workplace;

Examining mandatory and voluntary tools (e.g. food marketing principles and standards) and economic incentives or restrictions (e.g. taxes and subsidies) to promote healthy diets; AND

Encourage transnational, national and local food services and retail outlets to improve food quality, ensure the availability and availability of healthy options, and display the rule and price of clicks.

To this end, encourage consumers to demand healthy foods and food via vehicles:

promoting consumer awareness of healthy eating;

Develop policies and programs to encourage children to adopt and maintain healthy diets;

Imparting knowledge about healthy nutrition and nutritional practices for children, young people and adults;

Promote cooking skills in children through schools;

In particular, provide information on points of sale and highlight accurate, normal and easy-to-understand information on nutrients in food (in accordance with the Codex Food Committee’s core principles). Due to additions, dates and appointments, you make it easier for the consumer to understand ; AND

Provide nutritional and food advice at leading healthcare facilities.

Promote good infant and young child feeding practices through activities that:

implement the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes and subsequent relevant World Health Assembly resolutions;

Implement policies and practices that promote the protection of working mothers; AND

Promote, protect and support breastfeeding in health and social care, including through the Baby Friendly Hospitals initiative.

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WHO response

The WHO global strategy on nutrition, physical activity and health (14) was adopted by the World Health Assembly in 2004. It calls on governments, the WHO, international partners, the private sector and civil society to act at global, regional and local levels to promote health diets and physical activity.

In 2010, the World Health Assembly adopted a series of recommendations to promote non-alcoholic foods and beverages among children (15).

These recommendations provide guidance for countries to develop new policies and improve existing policies to minimize the risk of children’s exposure to unhealthy food advertisements. In addition, region-specific tools (e.g. regional nutritional profile models) have been developed that countries can use to implement marketing recommendations.

In 2012, the World Health Assembly adopted a comprehensive action plan on maternal, infant and young child nutrition and six global goals to be achieved by 2025, including reducing stunting, wasting and obesity in children, improving breastfeeding and reducing anemia and malnutrition.

In 2013, the World Health Assembly agreed on nine voluntary global targets to prevent and control noncommunicable diseases. These targets aim to halt the rise in diabetes and obesity and achieve a 30% relative reduction in salt consumption by 2025.

The WHO Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases in Salt Intake 2013–2020 (10) provides guidance and policy options for Member States.

The United States, WHO and other United Nations agencies must help achieve these goals.

Due to the rapid increase in infant and child obesity in many countries, WHO established the Commission on the Elimination of Childhood Obesity in May 2014. In 2016, the Commission proposed a set of recommendations to effectively combat childhood and adolescent obesity in different settings around the world (16).

In November 2014, WHO and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) jointly organized the Second International Conference on Nutrition.

The conference adopted the Rome Declaration on Nutrition (17) and the Framework for Action (18), which propose a range of policy options and strategies to promote diverse, safe and healthy diets at every stage of life.

WHO supports countries in implementing the commitments made at this conference.

In May 2018, the Health Council approved the 13th General Program of Work (GWP), which will guide WHO’s work during 2019-2023. (19).

WSE identifies reducing salt/sodium intake and eliminating industrial trans fats from foods as part of WHO’s priority actions to ensure the health and well-being of people of all ages.

To help Member States take the necessary steps to phase out industrial trans fats, WHO has developed an action plan (REPLACE package) to help countries accelerate its implementation.

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