How to Create a Pollinator Garden and Why It’s a Good Idea to Do It

In this article we will see how to create a garden for pollinators. These animals are essential for the balance of the planet and most living beings depend on them.

Pollinator gardens are a very pleasant way to contribute to the conservation and restoration of the planet. Taking care of plants undoubtedly enriches a person’s life, but if they are also chosen to serve as food for, for example, bees and hummingbirds, it is an important contribution to the environment.

Let us remember that pollination is the means by which most of the planet’s plants propagate. It is therefore easy to assess the relevance of this process to life on Earth. Most plants require animals for pollination, mainly insects and birds, but also others such as bats and terrestrial rodents.

As these pollinators transfer pollen from one plant to another, the surrounding vegetation maintains a good rate of regeneration and growth. In addition, there is an intimate relationship between pollination and our diet, since most of the grains and fruits that humans eat come from trees and plants that depend precisely on pollination.

But what exactly is a pollinator garden?

In fact, it is any space dedicated to the cultivation of selected plants to help pollinators meet their nutritional needs, we are referring to nectar and pollen, as well as the species that provide them with a place to reproduce and develop.

Fortunately, this “garden” can simply be a window or porch with a few pots or a small area of ​​land. Of course it can also be designed in a large garden and even in public spaces. In short, any piece of land where plants are found is a potential garden for pollinators.

Something fundamental in these cases is that the plants chosen are native species, as they are precisely those that naturally provide what they need to local pollinators, in addition to requiring less care because they are fully acclimatized to the local conditions.

To learn more about this and locate plants native to your area, you can seek information from environmental organizations or institutions linked to organic agriculture or landscaping in your country. Here you can consult a brief list of species native to Mexico, prepared by Conabio, and at this link you can download a “Guide to creating pollinator gardens”, from CDMX’s Secretariat for the Environment, which contains another list (p.54).

pollinators, bees, bats, food, moths, birds, pollination, propagation

Instructions for creating your own pollinator garden

1. Define the space and understand its characteristics

The first step is to decide where we are going to create the space: on the roof, in a flower box, on the porch or in a part of the garden or patio on the land. Once the space has been chosen, it is necessary to observe how much light or shade it has, and whether it receives direct rain or will depend only on irrigation. These conditions are important because they will help us to better choose the species of plants that the garden will contain.

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2. Choose the plants

To decide which plants the garden will contain, we already know that the first rule is that they are native species, and also that they correspond to the characteristics of the space that we previously chose. If you want to go a little further, you can investigate which plants attract which type of pollinators, or which plants are the best refuge for them, in addition to those that provide them with food, and also consider it in your selection. , it’s about choosing those plants that you like the most – after all, preserving the environment is always an aesthetic experience.

3. Prepare the soil and arrange the plants

After choosing the plants and defining the space, it’s time to prepare the soil. Using black or leafy soil is often a good option. Nutrient-rich soil will help plants develop optimally. You can add organic fertilizer to the soil, for example vermicompost or manure.

4. Take care of it

The garden has already been created and the plants are in place. Now it’s time to take care of them. The amount of sun and water they receive, depending on the plants you have chosen, are two essential factors in their care. In addition, it is important to be aware of pests or that plants reveal to us, for example, the lack of some nutrient. Most plants only require basic care, but when you create your garden, you are making a commitment to care for them.

5. Observe and enjoy

Finally comes contemplation and pleasure. Observing what happens inside your garden will allow you to understand what types of pollinators you are attracting, which ones correspond to which plants, and overall, you will be amazed at the sheer amount of life and interaction that a space like this harbors. Perhaps even, as William Blake suggests, you will be able to “see a world in a grain of sand” and understand important things about existence.

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