Elizabeth II, a reign marked by historical events

For seventy years on the throne, Queen Elizabeth II has been the protagonist and witness of events that have marked the history of her country. From the media impact of her coronation to the death of her husband after 74 years of marriage, going through the wars in the Falklands, Iraq and Afghanistan, the death of Diana of Wales or Brexit, her reign has been full of moments of great personal as well as social and political significance.

A MOVIE CORONATION

On June 2, 1953, she was crowned at Westminster Abbey. For the first time, viewers were able to see a ceremony from their living rooms that until that moment had been vetoed to the common public, an exclusive privilege of royalty and the aristocracy.

The one in charge of bringing the celebration to homes was the British public television, BBC, which made history by including a close-up of the new sovereign during the broadcast, something that those responsible for the protocol had not allowed.

A POP QUEEN: THE BEATLES, KNIGHTS OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE

Long-haired, rebellious and with legions of followers. A combination that did not seem very appropriate to the rigor and solemnity of the monarchy. But on December 6, 1964, the queen awarded the members of The Beatles with the British Empire Medal.

Legend has it that the four from Liverpool smoked a joint before the ceremony. Truth or lie, what cannot be denied is the sovereign’s nose for keeping up to date and taking advantage of the commercial pull of one of the most popular musical groups in history.

A WOMAN IN DOWNING STREET

In her seventy years of reign Elizabeth II has dispatched with fifteen prime ministers, from Winston Churchill to the current Boris Johnson. The list includes two women, Margaret Thatcher and Theresa May.

The conservative Margaret Thatcher, who had swept the legislative elections, became the first woman to lead the British Government on May 4, 1979. A cocktail of individualism, deregulation, criticism of state interventionism, a strong hand in her relationship with the unions and the military response after the invasion of the Malvinas made her the Iron Lady.

THE QUEEN’S TRAVELS

Centuries after the Spanish King Felipe II sent his Invincible Armada against England, between October 17 and 24, 1988, the British sovereign made the first official trip to Spain by a British sovereign. In addition to this historic visit, Elizabeth II was the first monarch of her country to speak before the United States Congress in 1991.

Another trip loaded with symbolism was the one that in 2011 took her to the Republic of Ireland, a visit that was reciprocated in 2014 by the Irish president, the first by an Irish head of state since the country’s independence.

1992: ANNUS HORRIBILIS

While Spain was celebrating the Olympic Games and the Universal Exhibition in Seville, the queen described 1992 as her "Annus horribilis"a year in which the misfortunes for his family seemed to have no end and had filled pages and pages in the press.

First it was the separation of his sons Carlos and Andrés and the divorce of his daughter Ana. To top it off, only a few days before, a fire had been declared that had caused considerable damage to Windsor Castle.

The ghosts of the past reappeared in 2021 with the departure of his grandson Enrique and his wife Meghan Markle from the royal house and in 2022 with the removal of Prince Andrew from military charges for his relationship with a sex scandal.

ISABEL II PAYS THE TREASURY FOR THE FIRST TIME

The announcement took place in November 1992. For the first time the queen becomes a taxpayer and pays her taxes like any ordinary citizen. In the agreement with the treasury, the queen and her heir, Prince Charles, undertook to disburse 40% of their private income, whatever its origin. They also agreed to cover their family’s financial allowances out of their own pockets.

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LOW POPULARITY: THE DEATH OF LADY DI

The death of Diana of Wales on August 31, 1997 in Paris has been one of the most delicate moments of the reign of Elizabeth II. So much so that there was even talk of her possible abdication. The former Princess of Wales had rebuilt her life after her divorce in 1996 from Charles of England. The lack of sensitivity, distance and coldness with which the royal house treated death He had as a response the emotion of a people, delivered to a princess whom they considered theirs.

Given the criticism received, Elizabeth II appeared on television on September 5 to express her pain and shared the mourning with the people who laid flowers outside Buckingham Palace in honor of Diana. She also ordered the banner with the arms of her family to fly at half-staff.

SCOTLAND RECOVERS ITS PARLIAMENT

On July 1, 1999, Queen Elizabeth II officially opened the Scottish Parliament. A historical event that occurred almost three hundred years after the English and Scottish Parliaments joined in 1707, which gave rise to the United Kingdom.

The Scottish aspirations for independence temporarily vanished with the rejection of the separatist option in the referendum held on September 18, 2015. A defeat that has not undermined the aspirations for independence, which have grown with Brexit.

FROM THE FALKLANDS TO AFGHANISTAN: TWO PRINCES AT WAR

Prince Harry, grandson of Elizabeth II and second son of Charles and Diana, fought in 2008 against the Taliban in Afghanistan as a second lieutenant in the Household Cavalry regiment.

He was the second of the queen’s descendants to actively participate in a war after his uncle Prince Andrew did in the Falklands War in 1982. Henry of England returned to Afghanistan in 2012 to fight the Taliban as a helicopter gunship pilot.

THE MOST SPECTACULAR ENTRY IN AN OLYMPIC GAMES

The Olympic Games held in London in 2012 opened with a surprise. The queen, accompanied by her most iconic spy, arrived at the stadium in a helicopter from which she parachuted along with agent 007.

Evidentlythe thing had a trick but the originality of mixing two of the most distinctive symbols of British popular culture in the same scene cannot be denied. A high-flying entrance that showed that at 86 the queen was in top physical shape and with her sense of humor intact.

THE PROBLEMS OF BREXIT

On June 23, 2016, the British decided to leave the European institutions. Although Queen Elizabeth II has had no role in Brexit implementation, the problems to reach an agreement in Parliament reached the sovereign.

On August 28, 2019, Prime Minister Boris Johnson asked Elizabeth II to suspend Parliament to hinder the maneuvers of the supporters of the European Union. A temporary closure since in September the Supreme Court reactivated Parliament and described Johnson’s maneuver as "illegal, null and void".

GOODBYE TO THE PRINCE OF EDINBURGH

After 74 years of marriage and about to turn a century of life, on April 9, 2021, her husband, Philip of Edinburgh, died, whom she had married on November 29, 1947. The couple had four children: Prince Charles ( 1948), Princess Anne (1950), Andrew (1960) and Edward (1964). On November 15, 1977, the first of her grandchildren, Peter Mark Andrew Phillips, was born from the marriage between her daughter Ana and Captain Mark Phillips.

His first great-grandchild, Savannah Phillips, was born on December 29, 2010, the daughter of Peter Phillips and Autumn Kelly.

 

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