Corona’s devastation, millions of children forced into physical labor

The practice of child labor or enslavement of minors is not new around the world, but new methods of child labor are being adopted in various societies, a UN report has revealed.

According to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), there are currently more than 160 million children in the world who are forced into manual labor, about half of whom work hard physically, most of whom have difficulty as miners. Is applied to work.

According to the report, in the Latin American country of Brazil, the obsolete tradition of child labor and enslavement of children on cattle farms continues today. The most serious situation is in the South American country of Bolivia, where children are subjected to various forms of labor. Is.Children as young as five make up most of Madagascar's mica mining workforce |  Human rights |  The GuardianHowever, the left-wing government, led by former president, prominent politician and trade union organizer Evo Morales, did something in 2000 that no one had ever thought of before.

He legalized child labor under certain conditions, according to Bianca Mendoza, a leading human rights lawyer.

Under the law, only children under the age of ten were allowed to work, and only on the condition that they had a really poor background, as well as their wages.Child labor and exploitation |  UNICEF South AsiaEarlier in Bolivia, children were given social benefits and were banned from working at night, as well as from doing hard labor and dangerous work such as mining or sugarcane cultivation. Was declared progressive.

The law on child labor in Bolivia has been widely criticized by the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). These organizations and institutions consider this “child labor” to be child exploitation.

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In 2118, the Bolivian government withdrew the law under international pressure, specifically deleting excerpts from the draft law that violated UN standards for the protection of children. Was

According to lawyer Bianca Mendoza, despite the ban, child labor has not improved, with five-year-olds still seen selling candies, cookies, hair bands and other items, especially in the dark of night. They were actually banned.

Bianca Mendoza says the number of working children in the Bolivian capital, La Paz, on the other hand, has dropped slightly from 850,000 to 740,000, with a return to the Corona epidemic. Has started to increase.

The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has officially estimated that there are more than 800,000 children working in Bolivia these days. There is also controversy over how to deal with this situation.

Child labor statistics in some countries

In the Ecuadorian capital, Kyoto, young girls sell cigarettes to foreign tourists in front of a disco in the dark of night, and little boys polish the shoes of rich men.

Children selling cigarettes in Marrakech, a photo from Marrakech, South |  TrekEarth

In the Colombian capital, Bogata, children under the age of 11 are moving sacks of corn, rice or beans weighing several kilograms from one place to another, meaning they are forced to work as freighters. The situation is.

Aid groups say the Corona epidemic has worsened the situation, with other experts agreeing that “child labor” is a fact that ignoring it will not solve the problem but will make it worse. May be.

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