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China changes its economic policy to support activity

China cambia su política económica para apoyar la actividad

Faced with the return of the pandemic and the fall of the markets, China had to promise that it would support the activity, even if it means changing the course of its economic policy.

"One has to take concrete steps to strengthen the economy in the first quarter": This phrase, pronounced on Wednesday after a government meeting, had an immediate effect on the markets.

Although no concrete measures were announced, the Hong Kong stock market gained 16% in two days, after several sessions of decline due to the return of covid-19 in China.

"Confinement is the main reason for Beijing’s decision"said Chen Long, an analyst at Plenum.

Although it was the first country in the world to emerge from the pandemic in 2020, China has suffered its worst wave since it began in recent days.

Tens of millions of people are confined, including the entire population of the city of Shenzhen (south), the "chinese silicon valley"which houses the headquarters of the Chinese giants Huawei (telephony, 5G) and Tencent (internet, video games).

It is the third largest city in China in terms of GDP.. The deterioration in sanitary conditions comes against a backdrop of slowing growth, aggravated by low consumption, tightening regulations in several sectors, and uncertainties related to Ukraine.

"China is in an unprecedented battle" on the economic front, said Clifford Bennett, an analyst at Australia-based ACY.

The government expects growth this year to be just 5.5%, its lowest forecast in three decades.

"on the tightrope"

In this context, the government seems willing to relax its control over the private sectorwhich has especially penalized technology and real estate companies in the last two years.

In the digital sector, the authorities have been particularly intransigent on issues such as competition or personal data.

This "rectification" of previously pervasive practices has seen tech giants lose billions in capitalization since 2020.

Although it will maintain the economic course, Beijing insisted on Wednesday on the need for regulation to be "transparent and predictable".

Real estate activity has also been affected by measures to clean up a sector plagued by debt and marked by rampant speculation.

Wednesday’s meeting called for "mitigate risks" and adopt "support measures" for "accompany the transformation" of a sector that represents more than a quarter of Chinese GDP, along with construction.

Since 2020, many developers have struggled to stay afloat, including giant Evergrande, on the verge of bankruptcy.

Beijing is walking by "Tight rope" trying "deflate speculative bubbles" without "cause a collapse"said IHS Markit (S&P Global) analyst Rajiv Biswas.

In a context of intense tensions with the United States, China has been reducing the size of its technological giants for a year.

The government is reluctant to let them trade abroad, preferring to raise funds in the domestic market (Hong Kong, Shanghai, Shenzhen and Beijing).

The "chinese uber"Didi was forced to withdraw from Wall Street last year, having entered the market without the approval of the communist regime.

The Chinese government said on Wednesday that it was "working" with Washington on the issue of the listing of Chinese companies in the United States.

The Russian invasion of Ukraine is not, "definitely"outside the new Beijing guidelines, says Bennett.

China is under intense diplomatic pressure not to be a lifeline for Russia, hit by countless sanctions since the Ukraine invasion.

But Beijing is reluctant to part with its ally, at the risk of finding itself under Western sanctions.

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