Chile: between the past and the future

From Santiago

Back at 17, Violeta Parra sang. This seems to be the movement in Chilifrom demonstrations largest in its history, 2019starring and led by young people, by a new generation of political activists.

After living a century –Violet continued-. Not a century passed, but nearly 50 years since military coup of Pinochet in 1973, the dictatorship, until 1990, and the conservative transition, from that moment until 2019.

That year the most massive and spectacular demonstrations ever known broke out. (Impressively shown in the documentary My imaginary country, by Patricio Guzmán, and explained in the book Red Octoberby Carlos Ruiz Encina).

Mobilizations that, after accumulating so many pending rights claims, led to the fight for a Constitutional Convention. That it was convened with parity of gender representation and with a specific delegation of the Mapuche.

At the same time, a new presidential electionwhich was polarized, in the second round, between a young student leader –Gabriel Boric, who had just turned the required 35 years to be president of Chile- and José Antonio Kast, on the extreme right. For the first time, the two traditional parties – the Socialist and the Christian Democrats – that had led the conservative transitionwithout breaking with the neoliberal model they had inherited, were left out of the dispute.

Boric’s victory represented the most important political change in Chile since the government of Salvador Allende. The government installed a new generation of political leaders with a majority of women. Among them stands out one -Maya Fernández Allende-, daughter of Beatriz Allende, in turn daughter of Salvador Allende himself, who had been with him when the Palacio de la Moneda was surrounded by the military coup, who now became Minister of Defense of the new government

It was, from the beginning, a government of restoration of rights, expropriated by neoliberal governments. A government of political decentralization, in contrast to the centralized power of previous governments. A government focused on protecting the environment. A government that cares about the rights of women, indigenous peoples, youth, the LGBT population.

A government that seeks to overcome the neoliberal modelpromoting the resumption of economic growth, with processes of income distribution and expansion of the domestic consumer market, resuming and intensifying social policies -education, health, social assistance, among others-.

At the same time, the Constituent Assembly was functioning -with the name of Constituent Convention-, presided over by a great Mapuche leader, Elisa Loncón.

“Chile is a social and democratic state of law. It is multinational, intercultural, regional and ecological”.

In his following article: “It is constituted in solidarity republic. Its democracy is inclusive and equal. It recognizes as intrinsic and inalienable values ​​the substantive equality of human beings and their indisputable relationship with nature.”

In its third article: “The protection and guarantee of individual and collective human rights are the foundation of the State and guide all its activity. It is the duty of the State to generate the necessary conditions and provide the goods and services to ensure the equal protection of rights and the integration of people in political, economic, social and cultural life for their full development.”

Read Also:  Automating Reporting And Analytics Processes

These basic considerations are followed by chapters on the Fundamental rights and citizenship, on nature and the environment, on the state of water and minerals, on democratic participation, on good governance, on territorial organization, on the Ombudsman’s Office, among many others.

It constitutes the most complete and systematic text of affirmation and defense of democracy, in the broadest sense of the word, that the country that had had the most dictatorial regime that Latin America has ever known. The government has printed several thousand copies of the text, which is distributed on the streets throughout the country and has become the most read work by Chileans for several months.

On September 4 -coinciding with the inauguration date of Salvador Allende as president of Chile, in 1970- Chileans will vote for the approval or rejection of the project of the new political constitution of the country. The campaign for I approve it intensifies throughout the country, with street brigades distributing the text and explaining the fundamental achievements it represents for Chile, turning to definitively bury the constitution imposed by Pinochet in 1980, in the midst of the dictatorship and the neoliberal elements that already survived with democracy. restored

The right congregate for him Rejectionwithout clear arguments. To the point that, in order to unite all the conservative sectors, he affirms that Not that way. As if they were only in disagreement with the modalities in which the new project was elaborated, after an intense campaign of attempts to demoralize the constituent parliamentarians. They affirm that a new Convention should be created, probably – although they do not say so – without gender parity and without the specific representation of the Mapuche. They also say, in the absence of other arguments, that it was a rushed process, that it would not include everyone. The propaganda spaces in the media make the difference very evident: the supporters of the new text highlight all the rights that would be claimed and the democratic modalities of the political system. The opponents fail to articulate the reasons for their rejection, trying to hide that they prefer the Constitution inherited from Pinochetism.

The polls – which in Chile have little prestige, because they were wrong in all the last elections – would point to a relatively wide victory for the rejection. But both this aspect, as well as the massive approval campaign, make the climate more prone to the victory of Approval.

If rejected, President Gabriel Boric had already announced that he would seek to convene another constituent process. If the new Magna Carta is approved, the Boric government, the innovative political process that began in 2019, will go to a higher stage, of construction of the social state of law, plurinational, intercultural, regional and ecological, which announces the project of the new constitution. Chilean politics.

Recent Articles

Related News

Leave A Reply

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here