Can the UN stop the extinction of species?

How do we want to stop the mass extinction of animal and plant species once and for all? The subject is discussed at the World Conference on Biodiversity, from December 7th to 19th, in Montreal. The magnitude of the crisis is alarming: up to a million species are facing extinction. Salva la Selva is following the conference on site and will discuss it with its Executive Secretary, Mrema.

“Species extinction goes beyond wildlife icons like orangutans and polar bears. It is about the web of life experiencing ever-widening gaps, until it ends up breaking and entire ecosystems collapsing”, says Marianne Klute, president of Salva la Selva, in the prelude to the UN Conference COP15.

“This risk is most clearly seen in tropical forests and peatlands, hotbeds of biodiversity that also play a crucial role in the climate system. Therefore, protecting species, protecting rainforests and protecting the climate are inseparable. If we don’t achieve this triple protection, we are destroying our own livelihoods, because nature provides us with food, water and clean air. He provides us with medicine and building materials. Forests are spiritual places and home to billions of people. Therefore, the UN conference is doomed to success.

Government delegations from nearly 200 countries will come to Montreal to COP15; About 50 countries send their ministers. A total of 10,000 people attend the conference.

At the heart of COP15 is a future framework agreement for the conservation of species and nature, called “Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework”. The UN plan to protect a full 30% of the Earth’s surface by 2030 has drawn strong criticism. Human rights organizations and environmentalists are alarmed. The “30 by 30” plan could become the biggest land grab in history, which would not serve to protect species either.

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in a petition, Salva la Selva and more than a dozen organizations from Africa and Asia demand that the UN, Chancellor Olaf Scholz and UN member states protect the rights of indigenous peoples instead of looking at that “30 for 30”. Because nature is in a better state of conservation where there are indigenous peoples.

“Putting 30% of the land under protection sounds temptingly simple, but it poses a serious risk. The underlying theory is that nature can only be protected by keeping people away. In practice it means: expelling the local population”, explains Marianne Klute.

The nearly 65,000 signatures collected so far with the petition will be delivered to the Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity and Chief Species Specialist of the United Nations, Elizabeth Maruma Mrema, in Montreal on December 8 (Thursday).

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