President Xi Jinping’s absence from this weekend’s G-20 summit in New Delhi could prove to be a disadvantage for China in its competition with India as the developing world’s main mouthpiece. Asia, Africa and South America. Given its growing diplomatic and economic influence on the world stage and amid rising geopolitical tensions between Washington and Beijing, New Delhi sees this weekend’s summit as its climax, experts say great opportunity to act as a bridge between the West and the Global South.
The two-day G-20 summit will be held at Pragati Maidan’s Bharat Mandapam complex. Amid extreme security measures, the guests’ arrival in New Delhi began on the afternoon of September 7, in the expected presence of none other than 40 heads of state, governments and organizations. It’s about the For the first time, India hosts the annual gathering of the world’s 19 largest economies and the European Unionwho contribute together 80% of global GDP. Founded in 1999 in response to multiple global economic crises, it is the leading forum facilitating global economic cooperation as the world recovers from the pandemic, inflation, supply chain disruption and the costly impacts of climate change in recent years.
On this occasion, New Delhi wants to avoid controversial issues such as Russia escalating the war in Ukraineto build consensus on climate finance, food and energy security, debt relief, sustainable development and digital public infrastructure. In line with this global concern, the theme of this G-20 summit is a phrase from the Hindu scriptures: “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam”, which means “One Earth”. A family. One future”. And that’s it Modi tries to avoid the controversial issue of the raceand argued that instead the United Nations was appropriate to discuss the issue while the The G-20 should continue to engage in economic and financial coordination.
This meeting stands for India is a risk and an opportunity at the same time. The country faces the awkward situation of carefully navigating existing alliances to achieve cooperation and a minimum level of consensus on a diplomatic and development agenda that fits its mediating position. Modi is trying to portray India as a nation comfortable dealing with the Westmaintains contacts Russia and even with China, despite ongoing tensions with the latter, and strives to act as an advocate for the Global South. The Indian prime minister has reiterated his desire to lead the bloc Bridge divisions, break down barriers and sow the seeds of collaboration that nurture a world where unity triumphs over discord and common destiny outshines isolation.
“As President of the G-20, we are committed to making the global table bigger and ensuring every voice is heard and every country does its part.” I am sure we kept our promise», he explained in an article published in various media.
However, Modi’s pragmatic strategy appears to have been sabotaged by the Russian president’s decisions. Wladimir Putinand the Chinese leader, Xi Jinpingfor not attending the New Delhi summit, perhaps partly out of disagreement with the content of the draft statement condemning Russia’s war in Ukraine. This has confirmed the divisions within the group and gradually transformed it from the main forum for international economic and financial coordination to a place where the The Group of Seven (G-7) on the one hand and China and Russia on the other are vying for influence.
With ALL, Russia’s fight in Ukraine hangs like a large shadow over the current G-20 and complicates India’s efforts. Recently, Russia suspended its participation in the Black Sea Grains Initiative, contributing to food insecurity and increasing developing countries’ concerns about the Black Sea Grains Initiative.
And this year at the G20 finance ministers’ summit, paragraphs were proposed saying the Ukraine conflict was causing “immense human suffering” and “exacerbating existing weaknesses in the global economy.” China and Russia blocked them. Consequently, no consensus could be reached and only a summary of the meeting prepared by the Chair was published.
Experts believe it is unlikely that the host country will be able to persuade the Union’s members to reach a consensus or a joint communiqué at this summit. It should be noted that the Russian President Wladimir Putininformed Modi himself of his absence due to Russia’s “special military operation” in Ukraine and that the Russian Foreign Minister would be attending in his place, Sergey Lavrov. Modi himself feels uncomfortable deciding on the bloody war, considering his country continues to do so Buy cheap Russian oil and coalin addition to dependence on Russian weapons.
On the other hand, India also raised several important issues for the countries of the Global South in the debates preceding this summit. Including the prospect of joining the African Union (AU), reform of global financial institutions, restructuring of national debt and additional climate financing. Several of these issues and proposals did not receive the support of the G7 or China.