As China’s population declines, the birth rate also increases the death rate

As China's population declines, the birth rate also increases the death rate

China’s population has declined for the first time in 60 years, and the national birth rate has fallen to a record low of just 6.77 per 1,000 people.

China’s birth rate has been declining for many years due to a number of policies that are helping to slow this trend. The country’s population was 1.4118 billion in 2022, which has decreased by 850,000 since 2021.

China’s birth rate in 2022 was also 7.52 lower than in 2021, according to China’s National Bureau of Statistics, which released the data on Tuesday. In comparison, the US recorded 11.06 births per 1,000 people in 2021 and the UK 10.08.

In the same year, the birth rate in India, which is poised to overtake China as the world’s most populous country, was 16.42 percent.

For the first time last year, China’s birth rate outpaced the death rate. The country recorded the highest mortality rate since 1976 – 7.37 per 1,000 people, up from 7.18 per cent the previous year.

Earlier government data pointed to a demographic crisis, which would continue to shrink China’s labor force and burden the health system and other social security institutions.

The 2021 results of the once-in-ten-year census show that China’s population is growing at its slowest pace in decades. Other East Asian countries such as Japan and South Korea are also experiencing shrinking populations and increasing numbers of elderly people.


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