Home Science Argentine scientists advance in the study of quantum computing

Argentine scientists advance in the study of quantum computing

Argentine scientists advance in the study of quantum computing

Quantum computing can process information on a scale that classical computing cannot. That is why it is said that this technology has the potential to transform the world. Thus, although there are still many technical challenges to be overcome, research in this area is advancing rapidly.

Following this line, in Argentina the Interinstitutional Program for Strengthening Quantum Science and Technology. In addition, both in national universities and in CONICET institutes, there are research teams that study various topics related to quantum computing and quantum technologies in general. These are studies ranging from theoretical properties to the development of high-precision measuring devices, random number generators and cryptographic keys.

One of the most promising areas of research is what is known as quantum cloud computing.which consists of manipulating quantum computers remotely, through the internet”, says the physicist Frederick Holikresearcher at the Institute of Physics of La Plata, executing unit of Conicet and expression of research development in Physics at UNLP.

Holik is part of the research team selected by Conicet and Amazon Web Services (AWS) for the project “Algorithms for estimating and generating quantum states with symmetries”. “Argentina has great potential to venture into this field of research through the development of data processing-oriented software.”, expresses.

In this sense, they intend to use the quantum devices available through the Amazon Braket to study, develop and improve state detection techniques in real and experimentally realizable systems using current technologies.

Although it is still a technology under development, there are already prototypes of quantum computers currently working abroad., and it is possible to access them through different platforms, such as AWS Braket and Azure Quantum”, says the researcher. In addition, some companies that develop quantum computers allow students and researchers to access them for free. Specifically, the development of these methodologies is of great importance for Argentina to acquire independence in the certification of quantum technologies.

Position yourself in the field

One of the main uses of available quantum computers is basic scientific research for study the properties of various systems with high precision. “These studies are essential to understand, for example, the physics of material design or the properties of processes that occur in the body and in biology,” explains Holik.

Control of this technology could become vital for Argentina’s development in the coming years. In addition, Holik highlights the importance for the country of training human resources in these matters: “Training and education are essential for Argentina to position itself from the beginning in this developing field.”. Recently, the National University of La Plata dictated the postgraduate course “Introduction to Quantum Information and Computing”.

How does quantum computing work?

While classical computing uses bits to represent information and perform calculations, quantum computing uses qubits, which are quantum systems that can be in a superposition of states and entangled with each other. The ability of qubits to be in superposition states and entanglement allows certain calculations to be performed more efficiently than classical computers.

Furthermore, the development of quantum computers could have implications for medicine, defence, development of new materials, finance and telecommunications. An example is computer security: if a quantum computer were developed to its full potential, it would be possible to break some computer security protocols in a matter of minutes or seconds. “The successful development of these technologies can trigger disruptive changes with profound societal implications.”, assures the physicist.

For these reasons, both large technology companies like Google and IBM, as well as the governments of the United States, United Kingdom, China and the European Union, invest considerable resources in the development of quantum computers and other technologies based on quantum computing. physical.

The potential to transform the world

One of the most important features of quantum computing is that can manipulate and process information in parallel, which means it can perform multiple calculations at the same time. This is possible thanks to qubits, which are the basic unit of information in quantum computing and can represent multiple states simultaneously.

The parallel processing power of quantum computing can bring significant improvements in areas such as cryptography, simulation of complex systems, process optimization and artificial intelligence. For example, Quantum computing is expected to break encryption systems currently considered securewhich can have significant implications for information security.

Furthermore, quantum computing can be used to simulate complex systems, such as molecules and materials, which could have important applications in the research and development of new materials and drugs. It could also help solve optimization problems in areas such as logistics and planning, and improve artificial intelligence’s ability to analyze and process large amounts of data.

Still, while there are still many technical challenges that need to be overcome to build large-scale quantum computers, research in this field continues to advance rapidly.

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