Afghanistan: The 29 bans women can face

After the Taliban took control of the capital of Afghanistan, Kabul, the situation of women and girls in the country is of great concern. since during the Taliban regime, all freedom was prohibited for this group.

From the Revolutionary Association of Women of Afghanistan (RAWA), created in 1977 in Kabul as a political and social organization that fights for human rights and social justice in the country, recently published a compilation of bans that women have faced in the past in Taliban-occupied territories.

“The Taliban treats women worse than their animals (…) Women are no less important in the eyes of the Taliban, except when they are involved in procreation, satisfying men’s sexual desires, or taking care of the burden of housework on a daily basis. ”, states the group in the text.

The Taliban recently pledged to respect women’s rights “within Islamic law”. Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid assured that women will be able to “work and study” and that they will be “very active” within society, but also under the rules of Islam. “They will be happy to live under the structure of Saharia”, he stated.

the 29 prohibitions

1. Total ban on female work outside the home. Only a few doctors and nurses are allowed to work in some hospitals in Kabul.

2. Total prohibition of any kind of activity outside the woman’s home, unless she is accompanied by her ‘mahram’ (closest male relative, be it father, brother or husband).

3. It is forbidden to do business with male merchants.

4. Prohibited to be treated by male doctors.

5. Studying in schools, universities or any other educational institution is prohibited (the Taliban turned girls’ schools into religious seminaries).

6. Women should wear a burqa that covers them from head to toe.

7. Whips, beatings and verbal abuse against women who do not dress according to Taliban rules, or against women who are not accompanied by their ‘mahram’.

8. Public whipping against women who don’t hide their ankles.

9. Public stoning of women accused of having sex outside of marriage.

10. Don’t wear makeup.

11. It is forbidden to speak or shake hands with men who are not your ‘mahram’.

12. It is forbidden to laugh out loud.

13. It is forbidden to wear high heels, which can make noise when walking (the man does not hear the woman’s steps).

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14. It is forbidden to take a taxi without your ‘mahram’.

15. The presence on radio, television or in public meetings of any kind is prohibited.

16. It is forbidden to play sports or enter any sports center or club.

17. It is forbidden to ride a bicycle or motorcycle, not even with your ‘mahram’.

18. It is forbidden to wear colorful clothes. In Taliban terms, these are “sexually attractive colors”.

19. Gathering for vacation or recreational purposes is prohibited.

20. It is prohibited to wash clothes in rivers or public squares.

21. Modification of the entire nomenclature of streets and squares that includes the word “woman”. 22. Prohibition of women to look outside the balconies of their apartments or houses.

23. Mandatory opacity of all windows so that women cannot be seen from outside their homes.

24. Tailors are prohibited from measuring women and sewing women’s clothing.

25. Women’s access to public toilets is prohibited.

26. Prohibition of women and men traveling in the same group, which is now divided into “only men” or “only women”.

27. It is forbidden to wear baggy pants, even under the burka.

28. Photographing women is prohibited.

29. Prohibition of the existence of images of women printed in magazines and books, or hanging on the walls of houses and shops.

general prohibitions

From RAWA, they also detailed some of the more general prohibitions imposed by the Taliban, which affect both men and women and which restrict the basic rights and freedoms of the population.

Citizens under the Taliban regime are prohibited from listening to music, watching movies, television and, ultimately, any kind of video. In addition, it is mandatory for everyone who has a non-Islamic name to change it.

On the other hand, young people are required to shave their hair and men are required to wear Islamic clothing and a cap. Men cannot shave or trim their beard, which must grow to at least a fist below the chin.

During the Taliban rule in Afghanistan at the end of the last century, the Taliban declared certain national holidays to be pagan, such as the traditional New Year (Nowroz) on March 21, or Labor Day.

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