11 keys to the world’s first law regulating artificial intelligence

Summary of the points of the historic EU agreement on the regulation of artificial intelligence:

  1. Historical success:
    • The European Union has reached a historic agreement to adopt the world’s first law regulating artificial intelligence (AI).
  2. Intensive negotiations:
    • After four days of intensive negotiations, European representatives reached a consensus.
  3. Content of the law:
    • The law sets restrictions on certain AI applications that are considered a threat to democracy and citizenship.
    • It includes bans on biometric categorization systems, facial recognition, emotion recognition, social scoring and behavioral manipulation.
  4. Exceptions and conditions:
    • Biometric surveillance systems are permitted in public spaces with a court order and for certain crimes such as kidnapping, human trafficking, sexual exploitation and terrorist threats.
  5. High risk:
    • High-risk AI systems are defined in areas such as banking, insurance and the manipulation of election results.
  6. Transparency and documentation:
    • Citizens can report violations and demand that AI comply with transparency requirements and European regulations.
  7. Basic models:
    • Specific rules are set for basic AI models such as ChatGPT or DALL-E platforms.
  8. Sanctions:
    • Depending on the size of the company, they provide for sanctions of 35 million euros or 7% of the global business volume.
  9. Criticism and concerns:
    • The IT and communications industry criticizes the lack of in-depth debate and the possible slowdown in innovation in Europe.
  10. Come into effect:
    • The agreement is the first step and could take around three years to enter into force.
    • The legislation must be ratified by the European Parliament and the Council, which could delay final approval until the end of 2026.
  11. Global Impact:
    • Despite the criticism, it is highlighted that two years after the first proposal, Europe has the world’s first legal framework regulating the development of artificial intelligence.
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